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How political were Airbus sales in the 1970s and 1980s ? / Mark Spoerer, Tobias Jopp

Réalisation : 25 septembre 2020 Mise en ligne : 25 septembre 2020
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How political were Airbus sales in the 1970s and 1980s ? / Mark Spoerer, Tobias A. Jopp, in colloque "Naissance et affirmation du groupe Airbus (années 1960-années 1980)" organisé par le laboratoire FRAMESPA (France, Amériques, Espagne- Sociétés, Pouvoirs, Acteurs) sous la responsabilité scientifique de Jean-Marc Olivier, Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès, 23-25 septembre 2020. Session 5 : Mondialisations. * Communication enregistrée en visioconférence.

When, in the second half of the 1960s, governments andaircraft manufacturers in Western Europe discussed a possible joint projectcalled “Airbus”, the markets for civil jet aircraft were dominated by two USfirms, Boeing and McDonnell Douglas. After a disappointing start, AirbusIndustrie, founded in 1970, had become a serious competitor only a decadelater. Since the early 2000s, Airbus and Boeing have been competinghead-to-head for market leadership for jet aircraft with more than 100 seats.Boeing has persistently complained about Airbus receiving loans on favourableterms and other subsidies from European governments, and that the latter woulduse political pressure to make operators buy Airbus aircraft. Based on a recordof all wide-body jets delivered between 1969 and 1989 and a dataset builtthereupon on all airlines having acquired a brand-new wide-body, we subject thelatter reproach to an empirical test by asking for the political determinantsof Airbus and Boeing sales. We find suggestive evidence for airlines’ ownershipstatus and their home countries’ former colonial ties to as well as traderelations with and development aid flows from the Airbus consortium membercountries and the US to have mattered.

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    Samir BOUHARAOUA (Réalisation), Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail (Production), SCPAM / Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail (Publication)
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    UT2J. (2020, 25 septembre). How political were Airbus sales in the 1970s and 1980s ? / Mark Spoerer, Tobias Jopp. [Vidéo]. Canal-U. https://www.canal-u.tv/104849. (Consultée le 18 mai 2022)
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