How political were Airbus sales in the 1970s and 1980s ? / Mark Spoerer, Tobias Jopp

Réalisation : 25 septembre 2020 Mise en ligne : 25 septembre 2020
  • document 1 document 2 document 3
  • niveau 1 niveau 2 niveau 3
  • audio 1 audio 2 audio 3

How political were Airbus sales in the 1970s and 1980s ? / Mark Spoerer, Tobias A. Jopp, in colloque "Naissance et affirmation du groupe Airbus (années 1960-années 1980)" organisé par le laboratoire FRAMESPA (France, Amériques, Espagne- Sociétés, Pouvoirs, Acteurs) sous la responsabilité scientifique de Jean-Marc Olivier, Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès, 23-25 septembre 2020. Session 5 : Mondialisations. * Communication enregistrée en visioconférence.

When, in the second half of the 1960s, governments andaircraft manufacturers in Western Europe discussed a possible joint projectcalled “Airbus”, the markets for civil jet aircraft were dominated by two USfirms, Boeing and McDonnell Douglas. After a disappointing start, AirbusIndustrie, founded in 1970, had become a serious competitor only a decadelater. Since the early 2000s, Airbus and Boeing have been competinghead-to-head for market leadership for jet aircraft with more than 100 seats.Boeing has persistently complained about Airbus receiving loans on favourableterms and other subsidies from European governments, and that the latter woulduse political pressure to make operators buy Airbus aircraft. Based on a recordof all wide-body jets delivered between 1969 and 1989 and a dataset builtthereupon on all airlines having acquired a brand-new wide-body, we subject thelatter reproach to an empirical test by asking for the political determinantsof Airbus and Boeing sales. We find suggestive evidence for airlines’ ownershipstatus and their home countries’ former colonial ties to as well as traderelations with and development aid flows from the Airbus consortium membercountries and the US to have mattered.

    Langue :
    Samir BOUHARAOUA (Réalisation), Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail (Production), SCPAM / Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail (Publication)
    Conditions d'utilisation
    Tous droits réservés à l'Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail et aux auteurs.
    Citer cette ressource:
    UT2J. (2020, 25 septembre). How political were Airbus sales in the 1970s and 1980s ? / Mark Spoerer, Tobias Jopp. [Vidéo]. Canal-U. (Consultée le 18 mai 2022)

    Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., Robinson, J. A. (2001): The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation, in: The American Economic Review 91: 1369-1401.[En ligne :].

    Alesina, A., Dollar, D. (2000): Who gives foreign aid to whom and why?, in: Journal of Economic Growth 5: 33-63. [En ligne :].

    Andres, C. M. (1996): Die bundesdeutsche Luft- und Raumfahrtindustrie 1945-1970: Ein Industriebereich im Spannungsfeld von Politik, Wirtschaft und Militär, Frankfurt et al.

    Argiropoulos, K. O. (1982): The airline fuel crisis in the 1970s, in: G. W. James (ed.), Airline economics, Lexington, pp. 99-112.

    Asongazoh, A. J. (2010): Post-colonial colonialism: An analysis of international factors and actors marring African socio-economic and political development, in: The Journal of Pan African Studies 3: 62-84.

    Austin, G. (2010): African economic development and colonial legacies, in: International Development Policy/Revue Internationale de Politique de Développement 1: 11-32.

    Baldwin, R., Krugman, P. (1988): Industrial policy and international competition in wide-body jet aircraft, in: R. E. Baldwin (ed.), Trade policy Issues and empirical analysis, Chicago, pp. 45-78. [En ligne :].

    Barbieri, K., Keshk, O. M. G., Pollins, B. (2009): Trading data: Evaluating our Assumptions and Coding Rules, in: Conflict Management and Peace Science 26: 471-491. [En ligne :].

    Berthélemy, J.-C. (2006): Bilateral donors‘ interest vs. recipients‘ development motives in aid allocation: do all donors behave the same?, in: Review of Development Economics 10: 179-194. [En ligne :].

    Béteille, R. (1995): Introduction: Airbus; or, the reconstruction of European civil aeronautics, in: W. H. Leary (ed.), From Airship to Airbus. The history of civil and commercial aviation, Washington, pp. 1-14.

    Boddewyn, J. J. (1993): Political resources and markets in international business: Beyond Porter’s generic strategies, in: Research in Global Strategic Management 4: 83-99.

    Bowen, J. (2010): The economic geography of air transportation: Space, time, and the freedom of the sky, London, New York.

    Bugos, G. E. (1996): The Airbus matrix: The reorganization of the postwar European aircraft industry, in: F. H. Heller, J. R. Gillingham (eds.), The United States and the integration of Europe: Legacies of the postwar era, New York, pp. 379-400.

    Carbaugh, R. J., Olienyk, J. (2004): Boeing-Airbus subsidy dispute: A sequel, in: Global Economy Journal 4: 1-9. [En ligne :].

    Crombez, C., Van Kerckhoven, S., Van Gestel, W. (2011): Political business strategies and the political economy of transatlantic trade: Airbus and Boeing, in: Review of Business and Economics 56: 224-243.

    DeSantis, J. (2013): Engines Turn or Passengers Swim: A Case Study of How ETOPS Improved Both Safety and Economics in Aviation, in: Journal of Air Law and Commerce 78: 3-68.

    Dienel, H.-L., Lyth, P. (eds.) (1998): Flying the flag: European commercial air transport since 1945, Basingstoke, London, New York.

    Grier, R. M. (1999): Colonial legacies and economic growth, in: Public Choice 98: 317-335.

    Hayward, K. (1975): Politics and European aerospace collaboration: The A300 Airbus, in: Journal of Common Market Studies 14: 354-367.

    Hickie, D. (1991): Airbus Industrie: A case study in European high technology cooperation, in: U. Haupert (ed.), State policies and techno-industrial innovation, London, New York, pp. 187-212.

    Imbeau, L. M. (1989): Donor aid - the determinants of development allocations to Third World countries: A comparative analysis, New York.

    Irwin, D. A., Pavcnik, N. (2004): Airbus versus Boeing revisited: International competition in the aircraft market, in: Journal of International Economics 64: 223-245. [En ligne :].

    Kechidi, M. (2013): From ‘aircraft manufacturer’ to ‘architect-integrator’: Airbus’s industrial organization model, in: International Journal of Technology and Globalisation 7: 8-22.[En ligne :].

    Kirchner, U. (1998): Geschichte des bundesdeutschen Verkehrsflugzeugbaus: Der lange Weg zum Airbus, Frankfurt/New York.

    Lange, M. (2004): British colonial legacies and political development, in: World Development 32: 905-22.

    Lawrence, P. K., Thornton, D. W. (2005): Deep stall: the turbulent story of Boeing commercial airplanes, Aldershot/Burlington.

    Lee, A., Schultz, K. A. (2012): Comparing British and French colonial legacies: A discontinuity analysis of Cameroon, in: Quarterly Journal of Political Science 7: 1-46.

    Lumsdaine, D. H. (1993): Moral vision in international politics: the foreign aid regime, 1949-1989, Princeton/N.J.

    Maennig, W., Wittig, S. (2010): WTO dispute settlement proceedings: European support for Airbus in the spotlight, in: Intereconomics 45: 180-187.

    Majumdar, B. A. (1987): Upstart or flying start? The rise of Airbus Industrie, in: The World Economy 10: 497-518.

    Maseland, R. (2018): Is colonialism history? The declining impact of colonial legacies on African institutional and economic development, in: Journal of Institutional Economics 14: 259-287.

    McGuire, S. (1997): Airbus Industrie: Conflict and cooperation in US-EC trade relations, Basingstoke/London/New York.

    McIntyre, I. (1992): Dogfight: The transatlantic battle over Airbus, Westport, London.

    Newhouse, J. (1983): The sporty game, New York.

    Mitchener, K., Weidenmier, M. (2005): Empire, public goods, and the Roosevelt Corollary, in: The Journal of Economic History 65: 658-692.

    Olienyk, J., Carbaugh, R. J. (2011): Boeing and Airbus: Duopoly in jeopardy?, in: Global Economy Journal 11: 1-9.

    Pavcnik, N. (2002): Trade disputes in the commercial aircraft industry, in: The World Economy 25: 733-751.

    Raabe, T. (2020): Hochfliegende Ambitionen. Die Bundesregierungen und das Airbus-Projekt (1969-1981), Frankfurt.

    Sandholtz, W., Love, W. (2001): Dogfight over Asia: Airbus vs. Boeing, in: Business and Politics 3: 135-156.

    Sarathy, R. (1993): Beyond shelter: Global competition and Airbus’ strategic evolution, in: A. M. Rugman, A. Verbeke (eds.), Research in global strategic management. Vol. 4: Global competition – Beyond the three generics, Greenwich/London, pp. 125-151.

    Schraeder, P. J., Taylor, B./Hook, S. W. (1998): Clarifying the Foreign Aid Puzzle: A comparison of American, Japanese, French, and Swedish Aid flows, in: World Politics 50: 294-323.

    Thornton, D. W. (1995): Airbus Industrie: The politics of an international industrial collaboration, New York.

    The Economist, June 12, 2003 and January 31, 2020.

    Dans la même collection

    Sur le même thème