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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 29010
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le (50m6s)

The construct of 'resource system' as an analytic tool in understanding the work of teaching

Euclid's ingenious organization of mathematical material from different sources to form the Elements created a systematic text which served as a base for the study and teaching of mathematics for more than two millennia. To this day, the idea of creating a coherent system of resources following some concerted approach continues to inform the design of textbooks and curriculum schemes. However, when teachers are encouraged to draw on multiple sources to enrich their teaching, they face the challenge not only of comprehending, but often of reconciling, contrasting approaches, so as to create their own ...
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le (1h23m16s)

Vivre ou survivre après la société de consommation : 4 scénarios à  l'horizon 2050

Une conférence du cycle : "Développement durable, la croissance verte : comment ?"Vivre ou survivre après la société de consommation : 4 scénarios à l'horizon 2050Par Nathalie Rusé, Diane Julien de Zélicourt et Yann Devaux, (étudiants àHEC) A partir d'un rapport réalisé par Yann Auger, Mariam Bouzoubaa, Yann Devaux, Jean Fox, Diane Julien de Zélicourt, Thomas Lebreuil, Nathalie Rusé, de films créés par ces étudiants et Bruno Raymond-Damasio, réalisés par Bruno Raymond-Damasio et produits par la société La Mandarine.En partenariat avec l'ADEME
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le (50m43s)

Regulating EBM standards: Guidelines for guideline development

Regulating EBM standards: Guidelines for guideline developmentMy doctoral dissertation is entitled In search of standards that avoid standardization: the production and regulation of evidence based guidelines. Based on document analysis, interviews and (participant) observation of EBM guideline development ‘in action’, it provides ethnographic insight into the question how norms and standards of care are produced in the everyday activities of EBM. EBM guidelines have invoked promises of gold standards based on universal evidence that will rationalize practices, as well as criticism of standards transforming the ‘art’ of medicine into a dehumanized uniformity that deskills professionals and ignores the uniqueness of ...
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le (22m24s)

Preuves incertaines : échelles, corps et environnements dans les sciences de l’obésité

Uncertain evidence: scales, bodies and environments in obesity science This paper examines the uncertainties raised by flows operating between the production of evidence and the making of policy in the field of nutrition. Public health initiatives have been launched worldwide in the wake of the 21st century to tackle non-communicable, chronic disease associated with high body mass indexes. Although the causes and means of calculating the rising rates of obesity are contested and uncertain, obesity is often characterised as a disease or epidemic. Given this context of uncertainty concerning how to qualify and circumscribe the “problem,” let alone define its aetiology, ...
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le (29m9s)

Experimental Communities: Mediating locality in clinical trial sites in South Africa

Experimental Communities: Mediating locality in clinical trial sites in South AfricaMore than twenty years into the HIV epidemic in South Africa, the impacts of HIV/AIDS and other diseases, and the research and interventions they have mobilised, have reconfigured many elements of social life for South Africans. At this moment, however, much seems to be shifting as approaches to both HIV prevention and care have become increasingly biomedical, and as large populations are surveyed, tested, and enrolled in complex and costly medical regimes. Some researchers have referred to this phenomenon, in particular as “the greatest public health experiment in Africa,” a ...
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le (25m25s)

The rise of cost-effectiveness evidence in global health

The rise of cost-effectiveness evidence in global health: contingencies of ‘context’ and the politics of contingency The development and implementation of health policies in developing countries have become increasingly driven by the practices of research communities, inter- and non-governmental organisations, and donor agencies operating at the global level.  As part of this shifting landscape, commentators have noted the permeation of neo-liberal market-principles into global health with the rise of “philanthrocapitalism” and public-private partnerships, starting mostly in the 1990s. Thus, critics argue that the concurrent rise in demand for experimental evidence of cost-effectiveness reflects not simply the superior epistemic truth-value now attributed ...
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le (24m53s)

Flipping the Hierarchy of Evidence ?

Flipping the Hierarchy of Evidence ? : Rituals of Inversion and Subversion in the Inclusion of Qualitative Research in WHO GuidelinesEvidence-based medicine (EBM)—and its hallmark method, meta-analysis—have enjoyed rapidly increasing visibility and legitimacy since the early 1990s.  The many assumptions of EBM—that valid, universal knowledge can be produced, that knowledge synthesis can be rigorous and transparent, and that these syntheses will slot neatly into policy and practice—have come to appear self-evident.  The rhetoric of “evidence-based” practice frames evidence synthesis as both common sense, with respect to orthodox scientific method, and, paradoxically, a radical break with a past practice steeped in ...
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