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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 8253
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le (1h6m29s)

O nordeste do brasil, une terre d'écrivains

Grand comme trois fois la France, le Nordeste compte en l’an 2010 plus de 50 millions d’habitants. Première région peuplée du Brésil, elle a été le creuset de la culture brésilienne, où se sont mêlées les influences africaines, indiennes et européennes. Aujourd’hui encore les villes conservent de multiples témoins de ce passé colonial. On ne reste pas indifférent en présence du Nordeste : sa personnalité, sa culture nous interpellent, à tel point que tout cet ensemble a inspiré de très nombreux écrits scientifiques et littéraires.La façade littorale, vitrine urbaine et touristique du Nordeste, véhicule de fausses images de bonheur ...
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le (25m39s)

Gaborone, Botswana : la constitution d’un site attractif pour la recherche sur les antirétroviraux

Gaborone, Botswana : constitution of an attractive site for AIDS research : between the production of knowledge and government of populationTransnational biomedical research has played a key role for the expansion of antiretroviral medications in African countries, by providing “evidences” of the feasibility and efficacy of treatments and to sustain African health care systems.Through ethnographic research undertaken in Botswana between 2007 and 2009, I analyze the Botswana national antiretroviral program as a temporal and spatial site that was “made” through international biomedical collaboration and national projects.On a theoretical level, I was particularly interested in how different sets of actors described ...
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le (37m27s)

Le terrain africain dans la construction du calendrier vaccinal français (1970-1990)

Stretching comparisons : African field in French vaccination schedule (1970-1990)During the second half part of the twentieth century, epidemiologists of vaccines and infectious diseases had essentially to deal with the multiplication of vaccines and the layout of inoculation. Their aim was to ensure that this multiplication didn’t threaten the qualities of each vaccine when considered individually  (efficiency, innocuousness and simplicity) – the very qualities that justified the use of vaccines in public health. Vaccination schedules both expressed and enabled temporary the containment of this issue. Beyond epidemiological questions, vaccination schedules also  entailed a range of political and administrative problems. In France, ...
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le (19m58s)

Weighting bodies in the South Pacific: the BMI index in the Kingdom of Tonga

Weighting bodies in the South Pacific: the BMI index in the Kingdom of TongaWeighting bodies in the South Pacific: the BMI index in the Kingdom of TongaAccording to the 2000 WHO Report on Obesity -entitled “Too big to ignore”- the countries registering the highest rates of obesity worldwide are all located in the South Pacific. Among these Pacific Island Countries, the Kingdom of Tonga occupies the fifth position, with 90% of obese females and 48% of obese males. Such position has created a state of alarm within the international health institutions, which indicated the South Pacific region as an “obesogenic ...
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le (28m39s)

Experimentality, locality, and the gut: Treatment and the internal frontiers of the body

Experimentality, locality, and the gut: Treatment and the internal frontiers of the bodyThe paper examines the emerging production of a standardised body of knowledge concerning gut functioning in the context of a clinical trial of HIV Treatment as Prevention (TasP) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Drawing on fieldwork conducted in and around the surveillance area of a multi-national demographic and health research organisation on the thickly embedded relationships between research subjects, fieldworkers, scientists, and other social actors, the paper takes as its setting the field of knowledge production emerging from the pilot phase of the TasP trial and of the other ...
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le (24m14s)

Entre gouvernement et subjectivation : le recrutement des sujets de recherche en cancérologie

Between government and subjectivation : the recruitment of subjects in cancer clinical research Clinical trials are a core practice of oncology, which is marked by a « culture of experiment » (Löwy, 2002). Medical oncology could even be viewed as a specialty directly derived from the emergence of this « new style of practice » (Keating et Cambrosio, 2012). In this context of an ever increasing number of cancer clinical trials, there is a real need for sick bodies available to experiments. Recruitment of patients in hospitals wards is therefore a key step in the research process. However, should one consider ...
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le (21m35s)

Geographies of responsibility: Spatial and temporal domaining in virtual drug development

Global health’s new ‘geographies of responsibility’: Spatial and temporal domaining in virtual drug developmentThe organization, funding and implementation of global health research is undergoing transformative change. The effective development of new therapies against tropical diseases requires, we are told, new forms of collaboration between private and public actors. Pharmaceutical companies, academic research institutions and philanthropic organizations must join forces in drug development. Over the last decade, a plethora of public-private partnerships have emerged to tackle perceived ‘market failure’. Along with patent pools, online databases of proprietary assets, and ‘open laboratories’, these arrangements are changing the landscape of property relations across ...
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le (22m17s)

Samples as Sentinels : Anticipating Emerging Diseases at the Human/Animal Interface

Samples as Sentinels : Anticipating Emerging Diseases at the Human/Animal InterfaceRecent works have been produced at the crossroads of medical anthropology and science studies on the conservation of human tissues in biobanks (Radin 2013). These biobanks allow to answer questions that had not been formulated at the time of the sampling. They also meet the challenge of the extension of consent over the time of clinical research (Weir and Olick 2004). The notion of informed consent is problematic when it is applied to populations who don’t conceive one’s body in terms of individual property. How are these problems reformulated when samples ...
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le (26m44s)

Les monuments domestiques pour le plus grand nombre : une autre histoire / Daniel Pinson

Les monuments domestiques pour le plus grand nombre : une autre histoire. Daniel PINSON. In colloque "Conservation, restauration de l'architecture du Mouvement moderne : l'exemple de l'Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail de Georges Candilis", organisé avec la collaboration des universités Rennes 2, Paris 1 et Panthéon-Sorbonne. Université Toulouse II Le Mirail, 8-10 avril 2010.Dans les années 50, Rezé, banlieue sud de Nantes, a été le terrain d'une curieuse compétition entre immeuble collectif et cité-jardin. A quelques centaines de mètres l'une de l'autre et presque simultanément, deux expériences en matière de logement se concrétisèrent pour répondre à la grave crise du logement ...
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le (22m16s)

L'odorat : un sens pas si archaïque

9e matinée des Œnologues - Bordeaux >> Neurosciences : les mécanismes de la perception du goût et l’objectivité de la dégustation Pierre-Marie Lledo, L’odorat : un sens pas si archaïque Yves Le Fur, Est-il possible de définir des espaces sensoriels détachés de toute subjectivité culturelle ? Sophie Tempère, Dégustation : Métrologie olfactive pour la formation des professionnels Que se passe t-il quand on prend plaisir à déguster un vin ? Quels sont les mécanismes de perception du goût ? Nos perceptions sont-elles objectives ?... Les interrogations sont nombreuses quant à la compréhension des mécanismes neurologiques et sensoriels ...
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