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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 32
Témoignages

le (15m26s)

« Gérard Toffin, un ethnologue dans la vallée de Katmandou »

Gérard Toffin, ethnologue, a commencé ses recherches sur l’Himalaya en 1970. Il a travaillé principalement sur les communautés rurales et urbaines Néwar de la vallée de Katmandou au Népal. Il s’est intéressé à la civilisation matérielle, à l’organisation sociale et aux religions des populations himalayennes. Il a mené et continue de mener des recherches en anthropologie de l’espace, tout particulièrement sur les villes asiatiques, ainsi que sur diverses questions touchant aux religions de l’Inde et de l’Himalaya. II a également entrepris il y a quelques années une recherche sur les écritures de ...
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Entretiens

le (13m25s)

Olivia Aubriot et Joelle Smadja - Recherche interdisciplinaire sur le changement climatique et la ressource en eau dans la région de l'Everest

Olivia Aubriot et Joëlle Smadja sont chercheuses au Centre d’Etudes Himalayennes. Olivia Aubriot, agro-ethnologue, mène des recherches sur la gestion sociale de l’eau. Joëlle Smadja s’intéresse aux modes d’utilisation des terres et à la gestion des ressources naturelles. Dans ce film, le duo raconte la façon dont elles travaillent, leur approche du terrain. Elles mettent également en lumière toute la complexité d’une recherche autour du changement climatique.  
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Conférences

le (28m2s)

Katia Buffetrille (Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes), " The Increasing Visibility of the Borderlands "

For centuries, Central Tibet and its capital Lhasa were regarded as the center—as is obviously expressed in the very name of the region in Tibetan, dBus, “Center”—of political and religious life in the Tibetan world; the cultural center where all Tibetans aspire to go, at least once in their lifetime. But changes seem to be taking place, raising questions about a possible increase in the role of the borderlands in Tibetan cultural production. The margins that are A mdo and Khams experience a new visibility at the religious, cultural, and political levels. A mdo is now the scene of a ...
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Conférences

le (31m19s)

Eric Mortensen (Guilford College)," Boundaries of the Borderlands : Mapping Gyalthang"

This project seeks to discern the physical and conceptual boundaries of the Tibetan region of Gyalthang, in southern Kham.  At issue are questions about the relationships between older conceptualizations of place and newer understandings of identity vis place in twenty first century Sino-Tibetan borderlands. How do the various peoples who live within its boundaries understand Gyalthang? Following the theoretical work of Jonathan Z. Smith (Map Is Not Territory, 1978), I argue that the complex and dynamic webs of ethnic identity in the region neither conform to fixed physical or conceptual boundaries, nor elevate Gyalthang or even Kham as a central ...
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Conférences

le (30m14s)

Dáša Mortensen (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), " Wangchuk Tempa and the Control of Gyalthang in the Early-Twentieth Century "

This paper examines the fascinating life of Wangchuk Tempa 汪学鼎 (1886-1961), the de facto early-twentieth-century political and military leader of Gyalthang (rGyal Thang) in southern Kham, in order to illustrate the complex power dynamics at play in this frontier region. Wangchuk Tempa received monastic training at Ganden Sumtsenling Monastery in Gyalthang and at Sera Monastery in Lhasa, before leaving the monastic life in 1916. By the late 1920s he had recruited a well-armed militia to protect Gyalthang from roaming bandits and Chinese military incursions, and his militia fought against the Red Army when it came through Gyalthang in May, 1936. ...
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Conférences

le (33m20s)

Elizabeth Reynolds (Columbia University), " Monasteries, Merchants, and Long Distance Trade: The Economic Power of Tibetan Monasteries in Northern Kham (1900-1959) "

Pre-1959 Tibet was not a “closed off land” as is often assumed, but a place of dynamic economic structures and a diverse body of economic actors. The Trehor region, an area located in modern day northern Kardze Prefecture, was a center of trade, and due to its proximity to Sichuan and to Lhasa, the route through the Trehor area became a primary trade and communication route during the first half of the twientieth century. The Younghusband expedition (1903-1904), instigated by British India, and the forceful colonizing projects of General Zhao Erfeng (1908-1911) of the Qing, catalyzed new economic structures and ...
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Conférences

le (32m1s)

Stéphane Gros (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), "Matrifocality and the House in Drapa (Zhaba)"

The practice of a non-contractual, nonobligatory, and nonexclusive visiting sexual system among a matrilineal group in Southwest China has generated as much interest in anthropology as in the mass media. The Na (or Moso) who live on the border between Yunnan and Sichuan (near Lake Lugu) have come to be regarded internationally as an unusual case in the ethnography of the region. The Na case, though a striking example of a matrilineal system in an overall regional patrilineal environment, is not unique. These cases have to be considered from a cross-regional perspective and across contemporary ethnic boundaries. In Drapa (Zhaba), ...
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Conférences

le (30m43s)

Lucia Galli (University of Oxford), "The Price of Enlightenment: The Travel Account of Kha stag ʼDzam yag, a Pilgrim and a Tshong dpon (1944-1956)"

Frontier territories characterised by intense socio-economic, political, and cultural inter-actions, in the mid-nineteenth century the easternmost fringes of the Tibetan plateau saw the rise of the ris med movement, an influential religious approach fostering inclusiveness and non-sectarianism. Teachings, empowerments, and transmissions of various schools and lineages were actively sought and received, through a constant flow of masters, adepts, and pilgrims from one monastery to the other. Testimony to these thriving interactions was Kha stag 'Dzam yag, a Khams pa trader from a nomadic area in ‘Bri zla zal mo gangs and author of a travel account describing his thirteen-year long ...
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Conférences

le (29m45s)

C. Pat Giersch (Wellesley College), "Patterns of Inclusion and Exclusion Along Twentieth-Century China’s Southwestern and Tibetan Borderlands"

In recent years, increasingly sophisticated work has traced the remarkable changes in early twentieth-century state-building along China's southwestern and Tibetan borderlands. During this same period, however, the tentacles of global commerce were reaching into these regions, too, but we do not yet fully understanding the links between state and commerce, on one hand, and the long-term trajectories of change that left many borderlands communities with less and less control over their own political and economic futures. Rather than conceiving of these regions as autonomous until after 1945, as James Scott would have it, this paper argues that significant changes were ...
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