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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 33134
Entretiens

le (41m7s)

La ville portuaire : modèle de productivité dans la mondialisation (Thierry Baudouin)

Les villes mondialisées ont besoin d'interfaces de plus en plus complexes : un port maritime, fluvial, aérien, routier, numérique... Disposer de beaucoup de ces ports dépend bien plus des stratégies des villes que de leur taille. La mondialisation est une opportunité à saisir et à construire par chaque acteur. Mais nos villes sont en général mal placées pour organiser les branchements sur les flux de la mondialisation. Le système fordien, jacobin et industriel ne favorise nullement la réussite des villes, parce que jouer la compétition classique entre territoires relativement à un centre permanent n'est pas pertinent dans la concurrence mondiale. ...
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Conférences

le (28m50s)

International Negociations on Climate Change: How to Take Advantage of Risk Aversion to Improve the Conditions for the Emergence of a Consensus

Climate change is one of the best examples of global environmental problems. Countries are conscious that they have to find a solution to this global problem at the international level. Negotiations on climate change started more than 15 years ago with the signature of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Since then, the process went through a series of conferences and protocols. Part of this process, the Kyoto protocol constitutes a major step since it designed country-specific targets defined in terms of CO2 emissions abatement. The fact is that we should not speak about an international environmental agreement ...
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Conférences

le (18m20s)

Debate

The European Science Foundation (ESF) and the French Foundation of the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (FMSH) (within the Entre-Sciences programme) have agreed to jointly develop a new conference series in environmental sciences; an effort to actively foster exchanges between scientists working in the humanities and social sciences and their colleagues in the life and natural sciences. This interdisciplinary conference present the new advances in the modelling of the Global Change that combines Geosciences and Economics, with a perspective view from history - given the novelty of their interrelations – and from political science – given the impact of the ...
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Conférences

le (17m4s)

Carbon Offsetting: An Ethical and Psychological Approach

The carbon offset market is becoming more and more popular. However, 57 until now few studies have attempted to approach the phenomenon from a social sciences’ perspective. By distinguishing three levels of analysis – the technical, psychological and ethical aspects – this work has a double objective: to better understand the mechanisms underlying the offsetting phenomenon and to evaluate its effectiveness as a greenhouse gas emissions mitigation tool. The comments made about the system concern the voluntary carbon offset market mostly, with a special focus put on its application in developing countries. Some observations however are valid for the Clean ...
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Conférences

le (17m43s)

The Intergenerational Equity: A Concept to Build for Sustainability, the Case of Global Warning

Defined as “the relation that each generation has with the last or future generations in the use... of the natural or cultural resources of planet”, Intergeneration equity (here I.E) imposes rules of optimal use of these resources on each generation. But it still remains a vague concept which needs a clear definition and poses some philosophical problems. Its emergence in right of the environment followed the scientific awakening on the ecological threats, in the years 1960 and led to a greater implication of the United Nations to coordinate international actions in environment field. The conferences of Stockholm in 1972 and ...
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Conférences

le (12m5s)

The Costs of Strategic Adaptation in a Simple Conceptual of Climate Change

A simple theoretical model of the process of strategic adaptation to climate change is proposed. Climate change is represented by a non-stationary Markov process on the space of climate states, and strategic adaptation by a simple resource allocation task in which agents incur costs when moving resources from one activity to another. A stationary analysis allows diagnostics that quantify the net costs of climate change, and the long-run benefits to adaptation, to be defined. A full dynamic analysis of the model 74 allows for the computation of the costs of negotiating the transition between two stationary climate regimes. We analyze ...
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Conférences

le (13m18s)

Climatic Hazard Mitigation Through Risk and Resilience Committees in Nepal

Nepal lies in an ecologically fragile and seismic region with a history of devastating Glacier Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF), landslides and earthquakes. Increases in temperature could increase the frequency and magnitude of climatic disaster occurrences. Winter snow in Kathmandu in 2007 after nearly 65 years absence, frequent flood events since 2000, and an increased number of glacier lakes in the upper Himalayas indicates that climate change may already be having a significant impact. Disaster events in Nepal are known to impact disproportionately on poor and marginalised people who live in more exposed environments during risky times and without adequate forms ...
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