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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 1785
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le (53m9s)

Stella Ghervas - Conquérir la paix : des Lumières à l’Union européenne

L’Europe n’a guère connu de longs moments de paix dans son histoire. Dans cette conférence grand public, basée sur son dernier livre Conquering Peace : From the Enlightenment to the European Union (Harvard University Press, 2021), Stella Ghervas exposera comment, depuis le XVIIIe siècle, des penseurs européens en quête de paix durable en arrivèrent à forger l’idée de l’unification européenne. En combinant les histoires intellectuelle, politique et juridique, Stella Ghervas évoquera les œuvres de philosophes comme l’Abbé de Saint-Pierre, Rousseau ou encore Kant, ainsi que des hommes d’État comme le Tsar Alexandre Ier, ...
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le (26m42s)

Philippe Rygiel - Les voyages du jeune Alphonse Rivier

Alphonse Rivier (1835-1898) is a forgotten member of the generation of internationalists who participated in the institutionalization of international law. Author of treatises, translator of Tobias Asser's works into French, he was a professor of international law at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. A founding member of the Institut de Droit International, of which he was secretary-general, he served as editor of the Revue de Droit International et de Législation Comparée. Legal advisor to the Swiss Republic and Consul General of Switzerland in Belgium, he was also a practitioner. His archives, deposited ...
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Conférences

le (19m11s)

Paweł Fiktus - Comments by Prof. Gustaw Roszkowski on the changes in public international law

The presented topic refers to the first point and will concern one of the leading but somewhat forgotten lawyer – Gustaw Roszkowski associated with the University of Lviv. In addition to his scientific activities in Galicia, he was associated with the Institute of International Law in Brussels. In his scientific work, Roszkowski repeatedly commented on changes in international law. An example is his work from 1887 on the Geneva Convention (which was the subject of a polemic with Prof. Franciszek Kasparek, another Polish expert on public international law). Other works that emerged ...
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Conférences

le (24m54s)

Frederik Dhondt - Teaching International Law at King Leopold’s Foreign Office: Léon Arendt’s Droit des gens-course (1904)

The private papers of Léon Arendt (1848-1924), director of Political Affairs in the Belgian Foreign Office from 1896 to 1912, offer a unique insider’s view on an often little-studied aspect: the in-house teaching of international law. For centuries, the practice of international relations had no strong connection with the formal obtention of a university degree. Legal advice was often sought externally At the turn of the twentieth century, due to King Leopold II’s involvement, Belgian universities offered more specialised courses. Léon Arendt ,doctor of law and of political and administrative science, ...
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le (19m40s)

Anastasia Hammerschmied - Violence, Gender, Warfare: Origins of an International Legal Regime in the 19th Century

"The honor and rights of the family ... must be respected", states Article 46 of the Hague Convention of 1899/1907, a phrase used by earlier studies on sexual violence in war to reject a "prohibition of rape" in nineteenth-century international law. The writings of contemporary international law scholars display a more complex picture when it comes to protecting women from violence. Although the terminology "sexual violence" and an analysis of the prohibition presents difficulties, wartime rape was not only discussed in the context of classical international law of war. The prohibition ...
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le (21m0s)

Nina Keller-Kemmerer - The Mimicry of International Law: Andrés Bello’s “Principios de derecho internacional

It was the creole intellectual Andrés Bello who first promoted the European doctrines of international law in Hispano-America. 1811 he went together with Simón Bolívar on a diplomatic mission to London to support the Hispano-American independence. During this time, international law became of great importance for his nation- and statebuilding-projects. When he returned to the southamerican continent in 1829, his “Principios de derecho de jentes” was the first book the “liberator intellectual” published. While in the former Spanish colonies Bello’s textbook was of great success European intellectuals criticized it for being a ...
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le (27m4s)

Yousra Chaaban - Droit Egyptien et législations comparées

On the other side of the Mediterranean, at the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century, international relations, and particularly French ones, played an important role in the creation and establishment of a whole legal and judicial Egyptian system. The latter, took over, the dissemination of this French civil law tradition throughout the Middle East and the Gulf countries. It is through comparative law that French legal influence exists until today in the Egyptian legal system. This influence has been particularly successful in the field of ...
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le (23m46s)

Sebastian Spitra - Uncovering a Forgotten History: Private International Law as National Promise for Internationalism in the 19th Century

The historical study of private international law is an often-neglected topic within the broader turn to the history in international law. Only a few works explore the dogmatic, intellectual and social history of this area of law with its at times hybrid position between the domestic and international level. This paper focuses on this lacuna and seeks to describe the development of private international law or conflict of laws during the 19th century. From the mid-18th century to the end of the 19th century, the foundations of this field of law have been ...
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Conférences

le (25m53s)

Wouter De Rycke - Pacific Swissresponses to international instability in the early nineteenth century Jean-Jacques de Sellon (1782-1839) and the Société de la paix de Genève (1830-1839)

Although socio-legal histories are on the rise, little scholarship has been devoted to the legal aspects of the early to mid-nineteenth century pacifism. Those who have taken notice of the so-called amis de la paix have overwhelmingly concentrated on the founding Anglo-American peace societies. This has left many European publicists and activists underappreciated, who also attempted to persuade public opinion of legal alternatives to war. One such man was the Genevan aristocrat Jean-Jacques de Sellon (1782-1839), who founded in 1830 the first peace society of continental Europe: the Société de la ...
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Conférences

le (25m31s)

Raphaël Cahen - L’Académie (française) des sciences morales et politiques et le droit international (1835-1914)

From his foundation in 1832 until Word War I, the French Académie des sciences morales et politiques has been a place of Knowledges where the discipline of international law has been constructed. Many French International Lawyers and diplomats were members of the Académie such as Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, Pellegrino Rossi, Joseph-Marie Portalis, Charles Giraud, Raymond-Théodore Troplong, Edouard Drouyn de Lhuis, Eugène Cauchy, Adolphe Vuitry, Charles Vergé, Félix Esquirou de Parieu, Frédéric Passy, Charles Lyon-Caen, Louis Renault as well as associés étrangers such as the Russian Fréderic de Martens, the Dutch Tobias ...
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