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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 4548
Label UNT Conférences

le (1h28m11s)

Production de sens et informatique

" Comprendre c'est comprendre autrement " H. G. Gadamer Au début de l'été 2000, sur les murs d'une ville, deux affiches, deux affiches réelles : - La première, affichée dans des bars ou des boîtes de nuit, porte sur un fond totalement noir, en grosses lettres grises l'inscription suivante : " Le problème avec le dernier verre c'est que c'est parfois le dernier " - La deuxième, affichée sur les murs d'une commune de banlieue, plus complexe, représente un petit chien, genre roquet regardant les passants et portant dans sa mâchoire un journal plié dont seul le titre est partiellement ...
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Conférences

le (25m39s)

Gaborone, Botswana : la constitution d’un site attractif pour la recherche sur les antirétroviraux

Gaborone, Botswana : constitution of an attractive site for AIDS research : between the production of knowledge and government of populationTransnational biomedical research has played a key role for the expansion of antiretroviral medications in African countries, by providing “evidences” of the feasibility and efficacy of treatments and to sustain African health care systems.Through ethnographic research undertaken in Botswana between 2007 and 2009, I analyze the Botswana national antiretroviral program as a temporal and spatial site that was “made” through international biomedical collaboration and national projects.On a theoretical level, I was particularly interested in how different sets of actors described ...
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le (37m27s)

Le terrain africain dans la construction du calendrier vaccinal français (1970-1990)

Stretching comparisons : African field in French vaccination schedule (1970-1990)During the second half part of the twentieth century, epidemiologists of vaccines and infectious diseases had essentially to deal with the multiplication of vaccines and the layout of inoculation. Their aim was to ensure that this multiplication didn’t threaten the qualities of each vaccine when considered individually  (efficiency, innocuousness and simplicity) – the very qualities that justified the use of vaccines in public health. Vaccination schedules both expressed and enabled temporary the containment of this issue. Beyond epidemiological questions, vaccination schedules also  entailed a range of political and administrative problems. In France, ...
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Conférences

le (19m58s)

Weighting bodies in the South Pacific: the BMI index in the Kingdom of Tonga

Weighting bodies in the South Pacific: the BMI index in the Kingdom of TongaWeighting bodies in the South Pacific: the BMI index in the Kingdom of TongaAccording to the 2000 WHO Report on Obesity -entitled “Too big to ignore”- the countries registering the highest rates of obesity worldwide are all located in the South Pacific. Among these Pacific Island Countries, the Kingdom of Tonga occupies the fifth position, with 90% of obese females and 48% of obese males. Such position has created a state of alarm within the international health institutions, which indicated the South Pacific region as an “obesogenic ...
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le (28m39s)

Experimentality, locality, and the gut: Treatment and the internal frontiers of the body

Experimentality, locality, and the gut: Treatment and the internal frontiers of the bodyThe paper examines the emerging production of a standardised body of knowledge concerning gut functioning in the context of a clinical trial of HIV Treatment as Prevention (TasP) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Drawing on fieldwork conducted in and around the surveillance area of a multi-national demographic and health research organisation on the thickly embedded relationships between research subjects, fieldworkers, scientists, and other social actors, the paper takes as its setting the field of knowledge production emerging from the pilot phase of the TasP trial and of the other ...
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Conférences

le (24m14s)

Entre gouvernement et subjectivation : le recrutement des sujets de recherche en cancérologie

Between government and subjectivation : the recruitment of subjects in cancer clinical research Clinical trials are a core practice of oncology, which is marked by a « culture of experiment » (Löwy, 2002). Medical oncology could even be viewed as a specialty directly derived from the emergence of this « new style of practice » (Keating et Cambrosio, 2012). In this context of an ever increasing number of cancer clinical trials, there is a real need for sick bodies available to experiments. Recruitment of patients in hospitals wards is therefore a key step in the research process. However, should one consider ...
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le (21m35s)

Geographies of responsibility: Spatial and temporal domaining in virtual drug development

Global health’s new ‘geographies of responsibility’: Spatial and temporal domaining in virtual drug developmentThe organization, funding and implementation of global health research is undergoing transformative change. The effective development of new therapies against tropical diseases requires, we are told, new forms of collaboration between private and public actors. Pharmaceutical companies, academic research institutions and philanthropic organizations must join forces in drug development. Over the last decade, a plethora of public-private partnerships have emerged to tackle perceived ‘market failure’. Along with patent pools, online databases of proprietary assets, and ‘open laboratories’, these arrangements are changing the landscape of property relations across ...
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Conférences

le (22m17s)

Samples as Sentinels : Anticipating Emerging Diseases at the Human/Animal Interface

Samples as Sentinels : Anticipating Emerging Diseases at the Human/Animal InterfaceRecent works have been produced at the crossroads of medical anthropology and science studies on the conservation of human tissues in biobanks (Radin 2013). These biobanks allow to answer questions that had not been formulated at the time of the sampling. They also meet the challenge of the extension of consent over the time of clinical research (Weir and Olick 2004). The notion of informed consent is problematic when it is applied to populations who don’t conceive one’s body in terms of individual property. How are these problems reformulated when samples ...
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Label UNT Conférences

le (49m10s)

EEMIS 2007 : Le projet des certificats de décès électroniques

La France est le seul pays au monde ou ce type de service est intégré à l'activité de l'hôpital. Le Cepidc est une structure Inserm créée depuis 1968 : sa mission est la diffusion des statistiques et la recherche (évaluation de la qualité des données) ; c'est aussi un centre collaborateur OMS. Depuis 2004, le cancer (devant les maladies cardiovasculaires) est la première cause de mortalité en France. D'une manière générale, la France a une position défavorable au niveau des décès par rapport aux autres pays européens. Les pays de l'est ont eux aussi un taux très défavorable. Par rapport ...
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Label UNT Cours magistraux

le (48m20s)

EEMIS 2007 : Système d'information : Suivi de cohortes - Etudes de cas - Santé au travail

Une cohorte est une enquête épidémiologique avec un suivi individuel longitudinal d'un groupe de sujets. Le temps est pris en compte et est fondamental pour l'évolution naturelle d'une pathologie et étudier les facteurs d'une maladie. Il y a des cohortes spécialisées et des cohortes générales. Pour le suivi des personnes, les instititions comme la cnav sont infaillibles. SCD médecine nancy mpa
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