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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 4839
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le (23m20s)

Jean-Romain Ferrand-Hus - Alphonse Royer (1803-1875), penseur méconnu de la codification ottomane

On 15 March 1856, as the Congress of Paris is opening, Alphonse Royer – a man of letters, an Orientalist and a traveller who had become director of the Imperial Opera – hands Napoleon III a note on the reform of the Ottoman Empire, and more particularly on its civil codification. While the reform of the old Empire and its inclusion in the Concert of Europe is actively discussed by diplomats, the author submits to Napoleon III a personal and original vision of Ottoman civil codification. A necessary initiative in the vast movement of secularisation of ...
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le (21m0s)

Nina Keller-Kemmerer - The Mimicry of International Law: Andrés Bello’s “Principios de derecho internacional

It was the creole intellectual Andrés Bello who first promoted the European doctrines of international law in Hispano-America. 1811 he went together with Simón Bolívar on a diplomatic mission to London to support the Hispano-American independence. During this time, international law became of great importance for his nation- and statebuilding-projects. When he returned to the southamerican continent in 1829, his “Principios de derecho de jentes” was the first book the “liberator intellectual” published. While in the former Spanish colonies Bello’s textbook was of great success European intellectuals criticized it for being a ...
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le (27m4s)

Yousra Chaaban - Droit Egyptien et législations comparées

On the other side of the Mediterranean, at the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century, international relations, and particularly French ones, played an important role in the creation and establishment of a whole legal and judicial Egyptian system. The latter, took over, the dissemination of this French civil law tradition throughout the Middle East and the Gulf countries. It is through comparative law that French legal influence exists until today in the Egyptian legal system. This influence has been particularly successful in the field of ...
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le (23m46s)

Sebastian Spitra - Uncovering a Forgotten History: Private International Law as National Promise for Internationalism in the 19th Century

The historical study of private international law is an often-neglected topic within the broader turn to the history in international law. Only a few works explore the dogmatic, intellectual and social history of this area of law with its at times hybrid position between the domestic and international level. This paper focuses on this lacuna and seeks to describe the development of private international law or conflict of laws during the 19th century. From the mid-18th century to the end of the 19th century, the foundations of this field of law have been ...
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Conférences

le (25m53s)

Wouter De Rycke - Pacific Swissresponses to international instability in the early nineteenth century Jean-Jacques de Sellon (1782-1839) and the Société de la paix de Genève (1830-1839)

Although socio-legal histories are on the rise, little scholarship has been devoted to the legal aspects of the early to mid-nineteenth century pacifism. Those who have taken notice of the so-called amis de la paix have overwhelmingly concentrated on the founding Anglo-American peace societies. This has left many European publicists and activists underappreciated, who also attempted to persuade public opinion of legal alternatives to war. One such man was the Genevan aristocrat Jean-Jacques de Sellon (1782-1839), who founded in 1830 the first peace society of continental Europe: the Société de la ...
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le (25m31s)

Raphaël Cahen - L’Académie (française) des sciences morales et politiques et le droit international (1835-1914)

From his foundation in 1832 until Word War I, the French Académie des sciences morales et politiques has been a place of Knowledges where the discipline of international law has been constructed. Many French International Lawyers and diplomats were members of the Académie such as Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, Pellegrino Rossi, Joseph-Marie Portalis, Charles Giraud, Raymond-Théodore Troplong, Edouard Drouyn de Lhuis, Eugène Cauchy,  Adolphe Vuitry, Charles Vergé, Félix Esquirou de Parieu, Frédéric Passy, Charles Lyon-Caen, Louis Renault as well as associés étrangers such as the Russian Fréderic de Martens, the Dutch Tobias Asser, ...
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le (23m57s)

Maxime Charité - Les relations internationales dans la jurisprudence du Conseil d’État (1815-1914)

Council of State case law appears as an original prism for understanding and measuring the relationship between international relations and law(s) between 1815 and 1914. During this century, this prism, the administrative case law of international public law, may nevertheless appear, at first glance, as nonsense. Such a shortcut would, however, be a caricatural and doubtless inaccurate view of historical evolution. This would indeed be to forget that between 1815 and 1914, international relations were not foreign to the Council of State case law. During this period, they were essentially used as a limit ...
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le (20m22s)

Mariano M. Schlez - Intelligence, diplomacy and international relations. The Parish Report on the Revolutions in South America and the foundations of British recognition of insurgent states (1822)

My work presents a description and explanation of the historical significance of the unpublished intelligence report "South America", written in 1822 by Woodbine Parish, clerk at the Foreign Office and Castlereagh's private secretary (and later the first British Consul to Buenos Aires). The aim is to outline Foreign Office political strategy towards the South American revolutions at the Congress of Verona, analysing the links between political struggle, intelligence and international diplomacy. At the time of its writing in 1822, Parish was a clerk in the Foreign Office and private secretary ...
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Conférences

le (24m12s)

Jean-Michel Turcotte - Just a Scrap of Paper? Western Military Officers, Humanitarianism and the Shaping of International Humanitarian Law, 1864–1907

This presentation takes a look at my new book project focusing on the history of the Geneva Conventions. The first Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field signed in August 1864 has defined for first time the concept of international humanitarian law (IHL). The Convention, modified thereafter in 1906 and in the Hague Conventions, addressed humanitarian protection to soldiers and civilians in wartime. Scholars have often presented the development of IHL as the result of efforts made by lawyers, jurists, diplomates, the International Committee of the ...
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Conférences

le (19m42s)

Florenz Volkaert - The First Generation of International Economic Lawyers? Juridification and Professionalization in International Economic Diplomacy: A Prosopography and Discourse Network Analysis (1850-1914)

Contemporary international economic law is considered an autonomous subdiscipline of international law administered by an epistemic community of international lawyers and economists, separate from public international law. In stark contrast to today, the 19th century jurists, diplomats and laymen involved in the creation of norms to regulate interstate economic relations did not perceive themselves as practicing a field distinct from public international law. The existing body of FTAs was not considered a branch separate from public international law. Neither was there a developed profession of international economic lawyers. Nevertheless, despite there being ...
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