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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 4804
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Sara Kimble - Women’s Rights and the Rights of Man: Women’s Status under Law as the Measure of Civilization in Political and Legal Discourse, 1869-1914

This paper explores the conceptualization of women’s rights as a measure of the advancement of societies in comparative perspective through political and legal discourse from the 1860s to 1914. My investigation focuses on French perceptions of Anglo-American reforms in the areas of women’s political rights, educational opportunities, and professional employment to understand the power and limitations of these debates. Prompted by Charles Fourier’s proclamation that “l’extension des privilèges des femmes est le principe general de tous les progrès sociaux,” (Théorie des quatre mouvements), myriad politico-legal thinkers in France observed the progressive advancements ...
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le (31m1s)

Marion Röwekamp - A parallel legal world. Women formulating international law (1878-1914)

The process of women formulating international law started with congresses held by the transnational women's movement. Here female specialists met, exchanged legal knowledge, collected and compared law, wrestled over formulations, and, starting from national rights, sought to find an overarching approach to the problem that in all legal families especially the legal situation of married women was tied to that of their husbands, exposing them to severe legal disadvantages. They established a parallel network in the phase of the beginning of the male-written international law, in order to find common ground in ...
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le (53m9s)

Stella Ghervas - Conquérir la paix : des Lumières à l’Union européenne

L’Europe n’a guère connu de longs moments de paix dans son histoire. Dans cette conférence grand public, basée sur son dernier livre Conquering Peace : From the Enlightenment to the European Union (Harvard University Press, 2021), Stella Ghervas exposera comment, depuis le XVIIIe siècle, des penseurs européens en quête de paix durable en arrivèrent à forger l’idée de l’unification européenne. En combinant les histoires intellectuelle, politique et juridique, Stella Ghervas évoquera les œuvres de philosophes comme l’Abbé de Saint-Pierre, Rousseau ou encore Kant, ainsi que des hommes d’État comme le Tsar Alexandre Ier, ...
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le (19m40s)

Anastasia Hammerschmied - Violence, Gender, Warfare: Origins of an International Legal Regime in the 19th Century

"The honor and rights of the family ... must be respected", states Article 46 of the Hague Convention of 1899/1907, a phrase used by earlier studies on sexual violence in war to reject a "prohibition of rape" in nineteenth-century international law. The writings of contemporary international law scholars display a more complex picture when it comes to protecting women from violence. Although the terminology "sexual violence" and an analysis of the prohibition presents difficulties, wartime rape was not only discussed in the context of classical international law of war. The prohibition ...
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le (48m4s)

Miloš Vec - How to Write a History of Western International Law?

My presentation focuses on some historiographical challenges which I face as the co-editor of the CUP volume on “Western International Law, 1776 – c.1870” (edited together with Prof. Paulina Starski). Evidently, the volume’s title “Western International Law, 1776 – ca. 1870” is demanding. It expects to treat the subject as a regional, in parts local, but very influential variation of a plurality of global normative systems. However, what exactly is “Western” about it and which methods and approaches are suited best to offer convincing explanations? Writing about “Western” international law always evokes ...
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