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le (4m0s)

Biodiversity and agronomy - Introduction

The biodiversity plays a key role in the development and the upholding of the agrarian practices all over the world. This biodiversity is related to the grown species and varieties, but also to the ecosystems where those farmings are established, starting with the soil. The recent evolution of those practices shows a considerable decrease of the structure and of the functioning of this biodiversity. In the short and medium terms, this is a threat for the food production capacities. In order to ensure a sustainable agriculture, Etienne Hainzelin points out the necessity to develop agrarian practices, which are more intense ...
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le (7m35s)

EN-3. The paradigm of industrial agriculture and "green revolution"

Etienne Hainzelin comes back to the striking evolutions of the agricultural systems for hundred years, particularly in the rich countries. Today, this is an intensified agriculture, based on the supply of fertilizers and pesticides, and on the use of the 'elite' varieties. This transformation, which affected as the landscapes as the functioning of the human societies, also supported the progressive emergence of questionings about the compatibility between the high-yield agriculture and the preservation of ecosystems.
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le (11m5s)

EN-4. The cultivated or improved biodiversity

Etienne Hainzelin presents the main sorts of biodiversity which are linked to the agricultural systems: support biodiversity and destructive biodiversity. He focuses on the first one, and shows that, in the recent history, the human populations concentrated on some 'elite' varieties, as part of an high-yield agriculture, to the detriment of a specific and genetic diversity, which was raised and enriched over the centuries.
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