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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 2732
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le (45m12s)

L'invisible, c'est imprévisible

Les théories constructivistes présupposent que l’élève s’oriente de façon intentionnelle vers le savoir (l’objet d’apprentissage) qu’il est sensé construire. Mais comment l’élève peut-il s’orienter vers la construction d’un savoir qu’il ne connait pas encore ? En utilisant des exemples illustratifs dans le domaine de la perception, W.-M. Roth développe – en se basant sur les travaux de P. Maine de Biran, M. Merleau-Ponty, M. Henry, et J.-L. Marion – une théorie phénoménologique de l’apprentissage comme donation. Il présente une analyse détaillée d’un épisode extrait d’un cours de mathématique en deuxième année ...
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le (1h10m15s)

L'hôpital de demain

Que sera l'hôpital de demain ? Répondre à cette question relève de la présomption, il s'agit d'un exercice difficile. Quand on parle de l'hôpital, de quoi parle-t-on ? Les hôpitaux ne constituent pas une famille homogène. Développer un point de vue à valeur générale sur des établissements différents par leur histoire, par leur taille et leur environnement est un peu réducteur. Le monde de l'hôpital est le monde de la complexité, qui met en relation trois formes de constructions fortement imbriquées : l'architecture des technologies, l'architecture du système d'information et de communication et celle, plus complexe, des relations humaines. Il ...
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le (1h19m14s)

Le phénomène de l'urgence

La vie n'est qu'habitudes, mais soudain un événement surgit et suscite une nouvelle manière d'être. L'urgence est là, née d'une triple contrainte alliant nécessité, durée et réaction. La menace vitale, l'émotion et le secours en sont les thèmes les plus intenses. Ils tiennent une place prépondérante dans l'urgence médicale qui concerne chaque année des millions de personnes en France. L'urgence répond à un étonnement : elle n'est pas si fréquente et pourtant, elle semble être partout. Notre société serait même malade de l'urgence qui instaurerait une nouvelle tyrannie. L'urgence n'est-elle pas trop souvent confondue avec le présent ou la vitesse ...
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le (25m39s)

Gaborone, Botswana : la constitution d’un site attractif pour la recherche sur les antirétroviraux

Gaborone, Botswana : constitution of an attractive site for AIDS research : between the production of knowledge and government of populationTransnational biomedical research has played a key role for the expansion of antiretroviral medications in African countries, by providing “evidences” of the feasibility and efficacy of treatments and to sustain African health care systems.Through ethnographic research undertaken in Botswana between 2007 and 2009, I analyze the Botswana national antiretroviral program as a temporal and spatial site that was “made” through international biomedical collaboration and national projects.On a theoretical level, I was particularly interested in how different sets of actors described ...
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le (37m27s)

Le terrain africain dans la construction du calendrier vaccinal français (1970-1990)

Stretching comparisons : African field in French vaccination schedule (1970-1990)During the second half part of the twentieth century, epidemiologists of vaccines and infectious diseases had essentially to deal with the multiplication of vaccines and the layout of inoculation. Their aim was to ensure that this multiplication didn’t threaten the qualities of each vaccine when considered individually  (efficiency, innocuousness and simplicity) – the very qualities that justified the use of vaccines in public health. Vaccination schedules both expressed and enabled temporary the containment of this issue. Beyond epidemiological questions, vaccination schedules also  entailed a range of political and administrative problems. In France, ...
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le (19m58s)

Weighting bodies in the South Pacific: the BMI index in the Kingdom of Tonga

Weighting bodies in the South Pacific: the BMI index in the Kingdom of TongaWeighting bodies in the South Pacific: the BMI index in the Kingdom of TongaAccording to the 2000 WHO Report on Obesity -entitled “Too big to ignore”- the countries registering the highest rates of obesity worldwide are all located in the South Pacific. Among these Pacific Island Countries, the Kingdom of Tonga occupies the fifth position, with 90% of obese females and 48% of obese males. Such position has created a state of alarm within the international health institutions, which indicated the South Pacific region as an “obesogenic ...
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le (28m39s)

Experimentality, locality, and the gut: Treatment and the internal frontiers of the body

Experimentality, locality, and the gut: Treatment and the internal frontiers of the bodyThe paper examines the emerging production of a standardised body of knowledge concerning gut functioning in the context of a clinical trial of HIV Treatment as Prevention (TasP) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Drawing on fieldwork conducted in and around the surveillance area of a multi-national demographic and health research organisation on the thickly embedded relationships between research subjects, fieldworkers, scientists, and other social actors, the paper takes as its setting the field of knowledge production emerging from the pilot phase of the TasP trial and of the other ...
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le (24m14s)

Entre gouvernement et subjectivation : le recrutement des sujets de recherche en cancérologie

Between government and subjectivation : the recruitment of subjects in cancer clinical research Clinical trials are a core practice of oncology, which is marked by a « culture of experiment » (Löwy, 2002). Medical oncology could even be viewed as a specialty directly derived from the emergence of this « new style of practice » (Keating et Cambrosio, 2012). In this context of an ever increasing number of cancer clinical trials, there is a real need for sick bodies available to experiments. Recruitment of patients in hospitals wards is therefore a key step in the research process. However, should one consider ...
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le (21m35s)

Geographies of responsibility: Spatial and temporal domaining in virtual drug development

Global health’s new ‘geographies of responsibility’: Spatial and temporal domaining in virtual drug developmentThe organization, funding and implementation of global health research is undergoing transformative change. The effective development of new therapies against tropical diseases requires, we are told, new forms of collaboration between private and public actors. Pharmaceutical companies, academic research institutions and philanthropic organizations must join forces in drug development. Over the last decade, a plethora of public-private partnerships have emerged to tackle perceived ‘market failure’. Along with patent pools, online databases of proprietary assets, and ‘open laboratories’, these arrangements are changing the landscape of property relations across ...
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le (22m17s)

Samples as Sentinels : Anticipating Emerging Diseases at the Human/Animal Interface

Samples as Sentinels : Anticipating Emerging Diseases at the Human/Animal InterfaceRecent works have been produced at the crossroads of medical anthropology and science studies on the conservation of human tissues in biobanks (Radin 2013). These biobanks allow to answer questions that had not been formulated at the time of the sampling. They also meet the challenge of the extension of consent over the time of clinical research (Weir and Olick 2004). The notion of informed consent is problematic when it is applied to populations who don’t conceive one’s body in terms of individual property. How are these problems reformulated when samples ...
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