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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 663
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le (6m12s)

2.6. Algorithmes + structures de données = programmes

En écrivant le code de la fonction, qui recherche un triplet dans le tableau qui implémente le code génétique, nous avons terminé et obtenu un algorithme de traduction d'une séquence d'ADN, voire d'ARN, en protéines. Arrêtons-nous quelques instants pour évaluer la qualité de cet algorithme, et en particulier ses performances. Cet algorithme termine-t-il ? Oui. Est-il pertinent ? Oui, dans le sens qu'il effectue effectivement ce qu'on attend de lui, à savoir prendre une séquence dans un alphabet de 4 lettres, grouper chacune de ces lettres 3 par 3, rechercher pour chaque triplet dans le code génétique, plus exactement dans le ...
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le (6m10s)

2.4. A translation algorithm

We have seen that the genetic codeis a correspondence between the DNA or RNA sequences and aminoacid sequences that is proteins. Our aim here is to design atranslation algorithm, we make thehypothesis that the genetic codehas been implemented as an array as presented in the lastslide of the previous session. We have seen transcriptions and translationsfrom DNA to RNA and proteins. An important thing to notice hereis that most of the time computer scientists and bioinformaticiansjust forget about RNA. When they speak about translating,they say translating from DNA to proteins directly becausethe differences between the DNA and RNA is only T and U sowhat they do is this ...
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le (6m10s)

3.8. Probabilistic methods

Up to now, to predict our gene,we only rely on the process of searching certain strings or patterns. In order to further improve our gene predictor, the idea is to use, to rely onprobabilistic methods. What does it mean? I will firsttake an example, which is not related to genomic but I think it'sgood to understand the idea. Imagine you have a very long text which is known to be written in some human understandable language but you don't know which one but you know that some passages of this text only are written in a human understandable language,maybe English, maybe French and so on, whatever. You don't know. How ...
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le (6m7s)

1.7. DNA walk

We will now design a more graphical algorithm which is called "the DNA walk". We shall see what does it mean "DNA walk". Walk on to DNA. Something like that, yes. But first, just have a look again at the typical, also quite short sequence of DNA, a long text offour letters: A, C, G, T, T and so on. When the first sequence of DNA were obtained, the idea of using computers very quickly emerged but people didn't know exactly what to do with this sequence of characters. Again, there is a meaning behind the sequence because it is genetic information. It means it is the information ...
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