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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 1753
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Philippe Rygiel - Les voyages du jeune Alphonse Rivier

Alphonse Rivier (1835-1898) is a forgotten member of the generation of internationalists who participated in the institutionalization of international law. Author of treatises, translator of Tobias Asser's works into French, he was a professor of international law at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. A founding member of the Institut de Droit International, of which he was secretary-general, he served as editor of the Revue de Droit International et de Législation Comparée. Legal advisor to the Swiss Republic and Consul General of Switzerland in Belgium, he was also a practitioner. His archives, deposited ...
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le (19m11s)

Paweł Fiktus - Comments by Prof. Gustaw Roszkowski on the changes in public international law

The presented topic refers to the first point and will concern one of the leading but somewhat forgotten lawyer – Gustaw Roszkowski associated with the University of Lviv. In addition to his scientific activities in Galicia, he was associated with the Institute of International Law in Brussels. In his scientific work, Roszkowski repeatedly commented on changes in international law. An example is his work from 1887 on the Geneva Convention (which was the subject of a polemic with Prof. Franciszek Kasparek, another Polish expert on public international law). Other works that emerged ...
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Frederik Dhondt - Teaching International Law at King Leopold’s Foreign Office: Léon Arendt’s Droit des gens-course (1904)

The private papers of Léon Arendt (1848-1924), director of Political Affairs in the Belgian Foreign Office from 1896 to 1912, offer a unique insider’s view on an often little-studied aspect: the in-house teaching of international law. For centuries, the practice of international relations had no strong connection with the formal obtention of a university degree. Legal advice was often sought externally At the turn of the twentieth century, due to King Leopold II’s involvement, Belgian universities offered more specialised courses. Léon Arendt ,doctor of law and of political and administrative science, ...
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le (23m20s)

Jean-Romain Ferrand-Hus - Alphonse Royer (1803-1875), penseur méconnu de la codification ottomane

On 15 March 1856, as the Congress of Paris is opening, Alphonse Royer – a man of letters, an Orientalist and a traveller who had become director of the Imperial Opera – hands Napoleon III a note on the reform of the Ottoman Empire, and more particularly on its civil codification. While the reform of the old Empire and its inclusion in the Concert of Europe is actively discussed by diplomats, the author submits to Napoleon III a personal and original vision of Ottoman civil codification. A necessary initiative in the vast movement of secularisation of ...
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le (21m0s)

Nina Keller-Kemmerer - The Mimicry of International Law: Andrés Bello’s “Principios de derecho internacional

It was the creole intellectual Andrés Bello who first promoted the European doctrines of international law in Hispano-America. 1811 he went together with Simón Bolívar on a diplomatic mission to London to support the Hispano-American independence. During this time, international law became of great importance for his nation- and statebuilding-projects. When he returned to the southamerican continent in 1829, his “Principios de derecho de jentes” was the first book the “liberator intellectual” published. While in the former Spanish colonies Bello’s textbook was of great success European intellectuals criticized it for being a ...
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le (27m20s)

Sara Kimble - Women’s Rights and the Rights of Man: Women’s Status under Law as the Measure of Civilization in Political and Legal Discourse, 1869-1914

This paper explores the conceptualization of women’s rights as a measure of the advancement of societies in comparative perspective through political and legal discourse from the 1860s to 1914. My investigation focuses on French perceptions of Anglo-American reforms in the areas of women’s political rights, educational opportunities, and professional employment to understand the power and limitations of these debates. Prompted by Charles Fourier’s proclamation that “l’extension des privilèges des femmes est le principe general de tous les progrès sociaux,” (Théorie des quatre mouvements), myriad politico-legal thinkers in France observed the progressive advancements ...
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le (31m1s)

Marion Röwekamp - A parallel legal world. Women formulating international law (1878-1914)

The process of women formulating international law started with congresses held by the transnational women's movement. Here female specialists met, exchanged legal knowledge, collected and compared law, wrestled over formulations, and, starting from national rights, sought to find an overarching approach to the problem that in all legal families especially the legal situation of married women was tied to that of their husbands, exposing them to severe legal disadvantages. They established a parallel network in the phase of the beginning of the male-written international law, in order to find common ground in ...
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le (19m40s)

Anastasia Hammerschmied - Violence, Gender, Warfare: Origins of an International Legal Regime in the 19th Century

"The honor and rights of the family ... must be respected", states Article 46 of the Hague Convention of 1899/1907, a phrase used by earlier studies on sexual violence in war to reject a "prohibition of rape" in nineteenth-century international law. The writings of contemporary international law scholars display a more complex picture when it comes to protecting women from violence. Although the terminology "sexual violence" and an analysis of the prohibition presents difficulties, wartime rape was not only discussed in the context of classical international law of war. The prohibition ...
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