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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 335
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le (39m35s)

How much do jazz improvisers share understanding with each other and with their listeners?

To what extent do collaborating improvisers understand what they are doing in the same way as each other?And to what extent do their listeners understand the improvisation in the same way as the performers? Thistalk reviews evidence from two case studies (with Neta Spiro and Amandine Pras) of pianosaxophoneduos, one improvising three versions of a jazz standard (“It Could Happen to You”) and one carrying out anextended free jazz improvisation. In both studies, immediately afterwards the performers were separatelyinterviewed, from memory and prompted by audiorecordings, about their detailed characterizations of theperformances. Outside listeners (expert musicians in the same genres) were ...
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Conférences

le (18m26s)

“Beneficial JI” - Short talk 2.1: Neta Spiro - Joint improvisation in music therapy: characterising interaction in individual sessions with children with autism spectrum disorders

Some types of music therapy, such as Nordoff Robbins, involve improvisation by the client and therapist andthe relationship between the participants’ music making is prioritised. Some children with a diagnosis ofautism who attend these kinds of music therapy sessions often have difficulties speaking and can bereferred for a range of reasons (including difficulties in communication). What does improvisation look like inthis context? Does it differ between sessions and if so how? Can charting what improvisation in the sessionslooks like help assess changes in the client and/or the relationship between the participants? Studies ofmusic therapy sessions often analyse short moments. This ...
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Conférences

le (12m59s)

“Beneficial JI” - Short talk 2.3: Rachel-Shlmoit Brezis - Testing the limits – and potential of joint improvisation: Motor skills, social skills and interpersonal synchronization in adults with autism spectrum disorders

Research on joint improvisation has shown that expert improvisers, as well as neurotypical individuals, canjointly create novel complex motion, synchronized to less than 180ms (Noy et al., 2011; Hart et al., 2014;Golland et al., 2015; FeiningerSchaalet al., in review). Presumably, this ability relies on these individuals’motor skills and social skills – yet little is known about the preconditions and correlates of successful jointimprovisation. Here, we employ the Mirror Game paradigm (Noy et al., 2011) with a population of adults withAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD is defined by a deficit in social and communication skills and atendency for routinized behaviors yet ...
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Conférences

le (1h3m59s)

Carrying the Feeling

Carrying the Feeling explores autistic Lucy Blackman’s use of “carrying” as an expressive force in herwriting. Continuing to delve into what I have called autistic perception theforce of perception that doesn’tyet parse out the environment but attends to the emergent qualities of an environmentality in act inthispaper I explore how else we might think conceptssuch as volition, intentionality and agency. Of particular interest here is the concept of facilitation, and theimprovisatory nature of what I call a “facilitation of facilitation.” If carrying is a force that already composeswith language, perhaps there is a productive way to consider an environmentally propulsive ...
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Conférences

le (58m19s)

Deconstructing “joint improvisation”

What is “joint” and what is “improvisational” about joint improvisation? The “joint” aspect can be contrastedwith solo improvisation, such as that of a jazz pianist. Even when jazz pianists improvise in the context of anensemble, the arrangement of these improvisationsis often serial, rather than simultaneous: each instrumentalist improvises in turn while other members of theensemble play relatively fixed parts. This is in contrast to forms of improvisation in which two or moreperformers improvise simultaneously, either as separate entities (as occurs in contemporary dance) or as acollective unit (as in 2personimprov acting or contact improvisation). To understand all of these cases, ...
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Conférences

le (52m15s)

Acting together without planning ahead?

Experiments on joint action have given us insights into the mechanisms that allow people to coordinate theiractions with each other, be it making music, dancing, or cooking a dish together. One key finding is thatpeople engage in predictions about their interaction partner’s actions. For example, when someone is aboutto hand over a candle to us, we anticipate the start and the timing of her action. A further key finding is thatpeople systematically modulatetheir actions in ways that make it easier for their interaction partners to predict them. For example, if youdon’t know whether I am about to go left or ...
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Conférences

le (22m20s)

There could be ten seconds where everyone is connected and you feel really joined by the same thread and it’s really magical

Joint actions require an ability to understand and predict the actions of others far enough into the future to have time to plan and execute matching motor programs. Here I will review experiments in which we have tracked information flow from one brain to another to show that the motor system seems to play a key role in these functions. I will embed this experimental data in a Hebbian learning model, which posits that predictions are the result of synaptic plasticity during self­observation. Jointly this talk will aim to trigger thoughts on how we can ...
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