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Nombre de programmes trouvés : 283
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le (39m35s)

How much do jazz improvisers share understanding with each other and with their listeners?

To what extent do collaborating improvisers understand what they are doing in the same way as each other?And to what extent do their listeners understand the improvisation in the same way as the performers? Thistalk reviews evidence from two case studies (with Neta Spiro and Amandine Pras) of pianosaxophoneduos, one improvising three versions of a jazz standard (“It Could Happen to You”) and one carrying out anextended free jazz improvisation. In both studies, immediately afterwards the performers were separatelyinterviewed, from memory and prompted by audiorecordings, about their detailed characterizations of theperformances. Outside listeners (expert musicians in the same genres) were ...
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Conférences

le (18m26s)

“Beneficial JI” - Short talk 2.1: Neta Spiro - Joint improvisation in music therapy: characterising interaction in individual sessions with children with autism spectrum disorders

Some types of music therapy, such as Nordoff Robbins, involve improvisation by the client and therapist andthe relationship between the participants’ music making is prioritised. Some children with a diagnosis ofautism who attend these kinds of music therapy sessions often have difficulties speaking and can bereferred for a range of reasons (including difficulties in communication). What does improvisation look like inthis context? Does it differ between sessions and if so how? Can charting what improvisation in the sessionslooks like help assess changes in the client and/or the relationship between the participants? Studies ofmusic therapy sessions often analyse short moments. This ...
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Conférences

le (17m15s)

“Beneficial JI” - Short talk 2.2: Julien Laroche - Being together when time is improvised: interactive coordination in pedagogical improvisations

Improvising music toghether involves coping in realtimewith unprecedented patterns of behavior of another. The goal is to achieve and share a meaningful coperformance,and this is done by interacting.Therefore, processes underlying improvisation cannot be fully grasped by musical analysis only. Behavioralpatterns and collective dynamics that underlie joint improvisation encourage the scientific study of thecoperformanceitself. This is important to understand how improvisers can coordinate their behavior together in a meaningful fashion. However, improvising is first and foremost a practice that requires learning,experience and expertise. Objective measurements aren’t sufficient : integrating the phenomenologicalpoint of view of the improviser is also necessary. For this ...
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Conférences

le (12m59s)

“Beneficial JI” - Short talk 2.3: Rachel-Shlmoit Brezis - Testing the limits – and potential of joint improvisation: Motor skills, social skills and interpersonal synchronization in adults with autism spectrum disorders

Research on joint improvisation has shown that expert improvisers, as well as neurotypical individuals, canjointly create novel complex motion, synchronized to less than 180ms (Noy et al., 2011; Hart et al., 2014;Golland et al., 2015; FeiningerSchaalet al., in review). Presumably, this ability relies on these individuals’motor skills and social skills – yet little is known about the preconditions and correlates of successful jointimprovisation. Here, we employ the Mirror Game paradigm (Noy et al., 2011) with a population of adults withAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD is defined by a deficit in social and communication skills and atendency for routinized behaviors yet ...
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Conférences

le (1h3m59s)

Carrying the Feeling

Carrying the Feeling explores autistic Lucy Blackman’s use of “carrying” as an expressive force in herwriting. Continuing to delve into what I have called autistic perception theforce of perception that doesn’tyet parse out the environment but attends to the emergent qualities of an environmentality in act inthispaper I explore how else we might think conceptssuch as volition, intentionality and agency. Of particular interest here is the concept of facilitation, and theimprovisatory nature of what I call a “facilitation of facilitation.” If carrying is a force that already composeswith language, perhaps there is a productive way to consider an environmentally propulsive ...
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Conférences

le (1h2m40s)

Brain to Brain approaches to joint actions

Joint actions require an ability to understand and predict the actions of others far enough into the future to have time to plan and execute matching motor programs. Here I will review experiments in which we have tracked information flow from one brain to another to show that the motor system seems to play a key role in these functions. I will embed this experimental data in a Hebbian learning model, which posits that predictions are the result of synaptic plasticity during self­observation. Jointly this talk will aim to trigger thoughts on how we can ...
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Conférences

le (43m11s)

Improvising Interaction

Even the most tightly scripted solo performances involve improvisation; the detailed execution of each note or word cannot be completely determined in advance. In joint performances the challenge of co­ordinating the actions of multiple people in real­time becomes even more complex. One response to this challenge has involved appeal to prediction using ‘forward models’ from computational models of action planning. These models involve automatic activation of motor representations of the future perceptual consequences of an unfolding action. Although normally associated with action production, if a person perceiving the action can also produce a forward ...
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Conférences

le (15m29s)

“Quantifying JI” Short talk 1.1: Saul Albert - Extemporary movement: an interactional account of partner dance improvisation

Clear empirical distinctions can be drawn between joint improvisation and choreography in dance by exploring the rhythmical coordination of dancers and audience members in a partner dance performance. Novice dancers typically learn footwork patterns or ’basics’ that help them move in time to music together. Experts’ familiarity with basics, as well as conventional variations and set­piece moves form a set of compositional structures that can be linked together to fit complimentary rhythmical patterns in music on the fly. In a ’social dance’ performance such as the Lindy hop, (an African American vernacular jazz dance from ...
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Conférences

le (15m44s)

“Quantifying JI” Short talk 1.2: Tommi Himberg - Mirroring improvised hand movements in a dyad

We studied coordination and movement kinematics in a mirror game. 32 participants (18 f, 14 m; mean age 25.2 years, range 19–37) performed circle­drawing and freely improvised hand movement mirroring tasks in dyads. The participants were standing face­to­face, right index fingers pointed at each other, fingertips 10–15 cm apart. In turn, one of the participants was appointed the leader, or the dyad was instructed to share leadership. Hand movements were recorded using an optical motion capture system. Joint leadership resulted in smoother performances than the leader–follower condition; the follower participant would often hesitate or ...
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