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Conférences

le (17m29s)

Long Term Climate Variability: from Past to Future and from Data to Models

Data show that climate has always changed in the past, sometimes with a larger amplitude than what we experimented for two decades. But the main signatures of the anthopogenic forcing are the speed of the change and its globality. Paleodata at different scales are used to test the realism of climate model simulations and then their ability to simulate climates very different from the present one. They are used also to test impact models for water, forest resources. This talk aims to illustrate how paleoclimatology can bring a lot to global change studies, because it privileges interdisciplinary approaches.
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Conférences

le (27m2s)

The Impacts of Climate Change on Continental Ecosystems

Climate change will deeply modify the ecophysiological functioningof plants, by creating a set of conditions which could be more favourable (in the sense of biomass production) or not. Among the first, the increase ofatmospheric CO2 will stimulate the photosynthesis (with levels depending upon plants and conditions), with a result of a potential increase in biomass up to 20 % in some cases. Warmer temperatures will also generally be favourable to most of the physiological processes, up to an optimum above which the risk of detrimental or lethal values exists. The (almost) generalized advance in phenology (calendar of development stages) will ...
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Conférences

le (28m50s)

International Negociations on Climate Change: How to Take Advantage of Risk Aversion to Improve the Conditions for the Emergence of a Consensus

Climate change is one of the best examples of global environmental problems. Countries are conscious that they have to find a solution to this global problem at the international level. Negotiations on climate change started more than 15 years ago with the signature of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Since then, the process went through a series of conferences and protocols. Part of this process, the Kyoto protocol constitutes a major step since it designed country-specific targets defined in terms of CO2 emissions abatement. The fact is that we should not speak about an international environmental agreement ...
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