Fred Friend studied history at Kings College London, obtained a postgraduate library qualification at University College London, and then began his library career in Manchester University Library. After Manchester he moved to the University of Leeds and then to the University of Nottingham before obtaining his first library director post at the University of Essex. This was followed by a move to University College London, where he was library director for 15 years before starting a new role as Honorary Director Scholarly Communication. He is now working for JISC as their Scholarly Communication Consultant. Fred is involved in many initiatives through work for UK and international organizations. He is one of the authors of the Budapest Open Access Initiative.