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[COLLOQUE] GENTREE Final Conference 27-31 January 2020 séance 23


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[COLLOQUE] GENTREE Final Conference 27-31 January 2020 séance 23



GENTREE Final Conference :

Clare TRIVEDI - Royal Botanic Gardens Kew · United Kingdom


GENTREE Final Conference 'Genetics to the rescue - managing forests sustainably in a changing environment'

27-31 January 2020, Avignon, France


http://www.gentree-h2020.eu/



Clare TRIVEDI - Royal Botanic Gardens Kew · United Kingdom : Approaches to ensure ex situ conservation activities capture forest genetic diversity: sharing experiences from the UK National Tree Seed Project


Well planned seed bank collections play a vital complementary role to in situ conservation and living ex situ collections of forest genetic resources by protecting genetic diversity away from risks in the environment, and providing accessible, well-documented germplasm for research and experimentation.

It is vital that such collections capture the genetic diversity of a target species over the geographic area in which it will be used.

The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership, led by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, comprises a range of seed collecting projects worldwide.

The UK National Tree Seed Project has placed particular importance on the capture of intra-specific genetic diversity for native trees and shrubs.

It has made seed collections from over 6000 trees across 75 species from across the UK. The project provides a useful case study for common challenges to capture genetic diversity in collections, whether for long-term conservation or more immediate use.

Population geneticists have been involved with the project throughout its lifetime from inception to evaluation, with guidance provided via an expert advisory group and commissioned genetic studies. Genetic approaches were incorporated into development of the seed sampling strategy which, in the absence of detailed knowledge of population genetics, uses biogeographic zones as a proxy for genetic diversity and adaptation.

The outcomes of this sampling strategy were evaluated using a modelling approach using simulations and geographic distribution data for the species Fraxinus excelsior.

The model estimates that UKNTSP ash collections have captured >90% of all alleles present in Britain.

Similar results have been found from a laboratory study on UKNTSP collections of yew Taxus baccata.

The UKNTSP has shared data with projects working to identify Gene Conservation Units and Registered Seed Stands and collections are available to researchers, including those working on tree improvement or to understand variations in traits over geographic areas.

As a result the UKNTSP has been a key catalyst for development of the first Strategy for UK Forest Genetic Resources.















 

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