Yudru Tsomu (Sichuan University), " Rise of a Political Strongman in Dergé in the Early Twentieth Century: A Story of Jagö Topden"
- document 1 document 2 document 3
- niveau 1 niveau 2 niveau 3
- audio 1 audio 2 audio 3
This paper discuses rivalry for the throne of Dergé between 1890 and 1940. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, internecine feuds created a power vacuum serious enough to invite intervention from Qing and Lhasa authorities. To bolster the royal family’s position, the nobility not only sought alliances with the Qing and later with the nationalist regime in China, they also established close ties with Lhasa. But outside powers eventually undermined the royal family’s authority and lead to its downfall.
Feuding created an opportunity for subordinate headmen to vie for power. This phenomenon is well illustrated by the ascendancy of Jagö Topden, who emerged as the charismatic strongman in Dergé in the first half of the twentieth century. He displayed masculine qualities of a leader while Queen Jamyang Pemo was feminized as weak. Jagö Topden proved to be an adept player of politics and was able to gain popular support from the local population, who were tired of the instability. My paper explores the reasons for the crisis in royal succession, the culture of machismo, and the local network of alliances based on kinship and trade that enabled Jagö Topden to emerge as the paramount political figure in Dergé. The ascendancy of Jagö Topden exposes the precarious state of the King’s rule. Jagö Topden may have been aware of the ideological and social changes in China. He effectively adopted the populists’ cause of social reform and thus was able to wrest power away from the Dergé royal family and position himself as the paramount authority in Dergé. Had it not been for the victory of Communists and the establishment of PRC, Jagö Topden might well have become the new ruler of Dergé.
International conference “Territories, Communities, and Exchanges in the Sino-Tibetan Kham Borderlands,” Februray 18-20, 2016. This conference is an outcome of a collaborative ERC-funded research project (Starting grant no. 283870).
For more information, please visit the project's Website: http://kham.cnrs.fr
Dans la même collection
Conférence00:32:04Scott Relyea (Hamline University), " Settling Authority: Sichuanese Farmers in Early Twentieth Cent…
From 1907 to 1911, some 4,000 commoners from the Sichuan Basin ventured west. Enticed by promises of large tracts of uncultivated land and three years of free rent, seeds, animals, and farm implements
Conférence00:26:31Fabienne Jagou, " Manchu Officials’ Khams Travel Accounts: Mapping a Course Through a Qing Territor…
Throughout the Qing dynasty (1644-1911), more and more travelers –officials, military and merchants- went to the Southwest border of China and dedicated some of their time to writing travel accounts,
Conférence00:28:27Isabelle Henrion Dourcy (University of Laval), "Making Movies in the Gesar Heartland: The Burgeonin…
This conference is an outcome of the collaborative ERC-funded research project “Territories, Communities, and Exchanges in the Sino-Tibetan Kham Borderlands” This research project focuses on the
Conférence00:31:49Tenzin Jinba (National University of Singapore), " Two Gyalrong Weddings Under Fire: Rethinking of …
Two weddings in 2009 and 2015 respectively have received wide publicity among Tibetans and others within and out of China. The first was that of Lobsang Dundrup, a renowned singer from Gyalrong, and
Conférence00:30:06Chen Bo (Sichuan University), “House Society” Revisited "
In this paper, I will begin by considering the concept of “house society” and its applicability to Southwest China. I ask the question of why no scholar, Levi-Strauss included since he originally
Conférence00:32:00Stéphane Gros (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), "Matrifocality and the House in Drapa…
The practice of a non-contractual, nonobligatory, and nonexclusive visiting sexual system among a matrilineal group in Southwest China has generated as much interest in anthropology as in the mass
Conférence00:30:13Dáša Mortensen (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), " Wangchuk Tempa and the Control of G…
This paper examines the fascinating life of Wangchuk Tempa 汪学鼎 (1886-1961), the de facto early-twentieth-century political and military leader of Gyalthang (rGyal Thang) in southern Kham, in order to
Conférence00:31:18Eric Mortensen (Guilford College)," Boundaries of the Borderlands : Mapping Gyalthang"
This project seeks to discern the physical and conceptual boundaries of the Tibetan region of Gyalthang, in southern Kham. At issue are questions about the relationships between older
Conférence00:28:01Katia Buffetrille (Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes), " The Increasing Visibility of the Borderland…
For centuries, Central Tibet and its capital Lhasa were regarded as the center—as is obviously expressed in the very name of the region in Tibetan, dBus, “Center”—of political and religious life in
Conférence00:29:08Dawa Drolma (Bay Path University), " The Renaissance of Traditional Dzongsar Craft-making in the Me…
As a member of a deeply-rooted traditional craft-making family in the Meshö (Sman Shod) Valley of Kham region, I will present the results of my ongoing fieldwork and academic study on the renaissance
Conférence00:35:43Mark Frank, " Chinese Physiocracy: Kham as Laboratory for the Agrarian Theory of China "
When a nation-state looks to intensive agriculture for its national essence, what are the implications at the local level? This paper looks at agricultural colonization efforts (tunken屯垦) of the
Conférence00:33:19John Bray, "French Catholic Missions and Sino-Tibetan Trade: Local Networks and International Enter…
The Missions Étrangères de Paris (MEP) sent their first missionary on an exploratory mission to the Sino-Tibetan borderlands in 1847, and they retained a presence in the region until 1952. Together