Mobile Robots and Autonomous Vehicles


Mobile Robots are increasingly working in close interaction
with human beings in environments as diverse as homes, hospitals, public
spaces, public transportation systems and disaster areas. The situation
is similar when it comes to Autonomous Vehicles, which are equipped with robot-like capabilities (sensing, decision and control).

Such robots must balance constraints such as safety, efficiency and autonomy, while addressing the novel problems of acceptability and human-robot interaction. Given the high stakes involved, developing these technologies is clearly a major challenge for both the industry and the human society.

The objective of this course is to introduce the key concepts required to program mobile robots and autonomous vehicles. The course presents both formal and algorithmic tools, and for its last part's topics (behavior modeling and learning), it will also provide realistic examples in Python.

This course is designed around a real-time decision architecture using Bayesian approaches. It covers topics such as:

- Sensor-based mapping and localization: presentation of the most popular methods to perform robot localization, mapping and to track mobile objects.

- Fusing noisy and multi-modal data to improve robustness: introduction of both traditional fusion methods as well as more recent approaches based on dynamic probabilistic grids.

- Integrating human knowledge to be used for scene interpretation and decision making: discussion on how to interpret the dynamic scene, predict its
evolution, and evaluate the risk of potential collisions in order to
take safe and efficient navigation decisions.


The course is primarily intended for students with an engineering or masters degree, but any person with basic familiarity with probabilities, linear algebra and Python can benefit from it.

The course can also complement the skills of engineers and researchers working in the field of mobile robots and autonomous vehicles.


Basic notions of robotics, probabilities, linear algebra and Python (only for part 5).


Click on a link below to access the videos of the course.

Part 1: Objectives, Challenges, State of the Art

Part 2: Bayes and Kalman Filters

Part 3: Extended Kalman Filters

Part 4: Perception and Situation Awareness and Decision Making

Part 5: Behavior Modeling and Learning

The material of this course come from a MOOC delivered on France Université Numérique :


Vidéo pédagogique

2.3. Wheel encoders for a differential drive vehicle
8 vidéos
2. Bayes and Kalman Filters
  • MARTINELLI Agostino
Contents of this second part:
2.1. Localization process in a
probabilistic framework: basic concepts 2.2. Characterization of
proprioceptive and exteroceptive sensors
2.3. Wheel encoders for a
differential drive vehicle
2.4. Sensor statistical models
2.5. Reminds on probability
2.6. The Bayes Filter
2.7. Grid Localization: an example
in 1D
2.8. The Extended Kalman Filter (EKF)
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1.0. Introduction
10 vidéos
1. Objectives, Challenges, State of the Art
  • LAUGIER Christian
Contents of this first part:
1.0. Introduction 1.1. Socio-economic
context 1.2. Technological evolution of
& State of the Art 1.3. New challenges for Robotics
in Human
Environments 1.4. Decisional
& Control Architecture for Autonomous
Mobile Robots & IV 1.5. Sensing
Object Detection 1.6. Sensing
technologies: Robot Control & HRI 1.7. Basic technologies for Navigation
in Dynamic Human Environments 1.8. Intelligent Vehicles:
Context & State of the Art 1.9. Intelligent Vehicles: Technical
Challenges & Driving Skills
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