Mon compte
Fondation maison des sciences de l'homme

Climatic Hazard Mitigation Through Risk and Resilience Committees in Nepal

Copier le code pour partager la vidéo :
<div style="position:relative;padding-bottom:56.25%;padding-top:10px;height:0;overflow:hidden;"><iframe src=";height=100%" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height: 100%;" width="550" height="306" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen scrolling="no"></iframe></div> Si vous souhaitez partager une séquence, indiquez le début de celle-ci , et copiez le code : h m s
Auteur(s) :

Producteur Canal-U :
Fondation maison des sciences de l'homme
Contacter la chaine
partager facebook twitter

Climatic Hazard Mitigation Through Risk and Resilience Committees in Nepal

Nepal lies in an ecologically fragile and seismic region with a history of devastating Glacier Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF), landslides and earthquakes. Increases in temperature could increase the frequency and magnitude of climatic disaster occurrences. Winter snow in Kathmandu in 2007 after nearly 65 years absence, frequent flood events since 2000, and an increased number of glacier lakes in the upper Himalayas indicates that climate change may already be having a significant impact. Disaster events in Nepal are known to impact disproportionately on poor and marginalised people who live in more exposed environments during risky times and without adequate forms of protection. With increasing climatic drivers of disaster events this trend is predicted to increase. The challenge of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Nepal is therefore also a function of mitigating potentially disastrous effects of climatic change. One small initiative to establish local level Risk and Resilience Committees (RRC) has begun with support from the Department for International Development (DFID) and British Council (DelPHE programme) and may exemplify ways in which increasing hazards can be offset by the community. Its institutionalisation is emerging as one of the strategies for building disaster resilient communities in Nepal.
Increased realisation of the frequency and severity of epidemic, fire, storm, landslide, flood, and earthquake risks in Nepal underpins demand for community capacity to prepare, avoid, mitigate and respond to disaster. The RRC institutional framework embraces government structures, traditions and customs, political practices and public awareness to identify best ways of enhancing local disaster resilience. They currently sit within a wider strategy for “People Centred Hazard and Vulnerability Mitigation for Disaster Risk Reduction in Bangladesh and Nepal”. The aim is to enhance disaster resilience by the communities’ self directed establishment of the RRC involving local knowledge sharing and capacity building to assess and manage risk. Two RRC were established in Pachkhal Valley, Kavre District, and Dhankuta Municipality in 2007. Individuals from local government, NGOs, political parties, academics and other bodies were introduced to the fundamentals of disaster reduction through participatory training workshops. Localised risk records in which localised hazards, risks and vulnerabilities are detailed were designed by the RRCs. At Dhankuta participants worked in four heterogeneous groups, each ultimately drafting a risk record based on their previous experiences and needs.
Community based risk records are the beginning of a process whereby local people take the lead in building their capacity to manage their own disaster risk reduction processes. It is expected that the risk records will form the basis of producing municipality level disaster risk reduction policies and plans. The overall project experience of establishing risk and resilience groups in the community has to date demonstrated that participatory initiatives in communities with a wide-range of stakeholders can produce highlevel acceptance, involvement and local knowledge building. This was also found with groups established by members of this team in central Mozambique. Whilst community based development or disaster reduction groups are not new, concerted examples of people centred risk and resilience building remains largely under-utilized to its full potential, awaiting more in depth analysis and a wider set of experiences from around the world. The potential impact of climate change and failure of macro level policy making to address interests of civil society as a whole, suggests risk and resilience community approaches as a way forward in linking basic needs for human rights, representation, and disaster risk reduction.

    Date de réalisation : 9 Novembre 2008
    Lieu de réalisation : IGeSA - Institut de Gestion Sociale des Armées, Porquerolles, France
    Durée du programme : 14 min
    Classification Dewey : Économie, Sciences de la Terre
    Catégorie : Conférences
    Niveau : niveau Doctorat (LMD), Recherche
    Disciplines : Géodynamique externe - climatologie, Géologie et hommes
    Collections : New Methodologies and Interdisciplinary Approaches in Global Change Research
    ficheLom : Voir la fiche LOM
    Auteur(s) : RAJ ARYAL Komal
    producteur : FMSH-ESCoM
    Réalisateur(s) : FILLON Richard, DESLIS Jirasri
    Langue : Anglais
    Mots-clés : économie, Science de la Terre, Géoscience
    Conditions d’utilisation / Copyright : Tous droits réservés.


Ajouter un commentaire Lire les commentaires
*Les champs suivis d’un astérisque sont obligatoires.
Aucun commentaire sur cette vidéo pour le moment (les commentaires font l’objet d’une modération)

Dans la même collection

 Round Table
 The Post-Kyoto
 IPCC Working Group I and III
 IPCC Working Group II
 IPCC Working Group I
 The Costs of Strategic Adaptation in a Simple Conceptual of Climate Change
 The Intergenerational Equity: A Concept to Build for Sustainability, the Case of Global Warning
 Carbon Offsetting: An Ethical and Psychological Approach
 The Sustainability of Kyoto's Architecture: Where Did the Victims of Climate Change Go?
 International Negociations on Climate Change: How to Take Advantage of Risk Aversion to Improve the Conditions for the Emergence of a Consensus
 How to Foster the Economic and Societal Technical Solutions?
 The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Challenges of Climate policy, Equity and Ethics
 Post-2012 options to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions
 Interlocking Natural and Social Systems - Resilience, Governance and Research Policy Considerations
 The Economics of the Climate/Development of the Gordian Knot; Beyond a Sound Pessimism
 Present-Day Geomorphological Changes in Polar Regions
 The Effect of Thermal Pollution on Benthic Foraminiferal Assemblages, in the Mediterranean Shore Face Adjacent to Hadera Power Plant (Israël)
 Social Impact of global Environmental Change on Farming Communities on the Ogoli River Bank in Otukpo Area of Benue State, Nigeria
 Turning Hazards into Ressources? Climate Change, Floods and Coastal Wetlands in the Costa Brava (North-East Iberian Peninsula)
 Industrial and Environmental Policies: Reciprocal Impacts
 Recent Trends and Vulnerabilities in the Carbon Cycle
 The Impacts of Climate Change on Continental Ecosystems
 The Largest Lakes and reservoirs of Russia as a Priority Water Ressource for Society
 Climate, Geography and Macroeconomics: Revised Data, Refined Analysis and New Findings
 Linking Adaptation and Mitigation for Climate Risk Reduction
 Food demand, Productivity Growth and the Spatial Distribution of Land and Water use: A Global Modelling Approach
 Setting Cumulative Emissions Targets to Reduce the Risk of "Dangerous" Climate Change
 A Roadmap to Assess the Economic Cost of Climate Change with an Application to Hurricanes in the United States
 Regional Climate Change and Extremes
 Are European Ecosystems Vulnerable to Climate Change
 Data-Model Fusion Approach in Global Change Research: Recent Development and Future Challenges
 The State of UK Climate Modelling
 Borehole Climatology and Model Simulations: Steps to Integrated Assessment
 Detection and Attribution of Climate Change to Different Causes
 Modelling Forced and Internal Climate Variability During the Last Millennium
 Cross-Disciplinary International Research on Land-Atmosphere Interactions
 From Climate Models to Earth System Models
 Climate Models: learning from the Past Long-Term Climate Variability
 Holocene Climatic Changes and Their Effect on Morphodynamics and Sedimentation in Campania
 Comparison of Simulated Tree-Ring Cellulose d180 at the European Scale
 Long Term Climate Variability: from Past to Future and from Data to Models
 Global Climate Change: Past and Future
 The Start and the End of Our Interglacial
 Conference Opening
Facebook Twitter
Mon Compte