Langue :
Jean JIMENEZ (Réalisation), Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail (Production), SCPAM / Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail (Publication), Bénédicte Pavot (Intervention)
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Tous droits réservés aux auteurs et à l'Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès.
Citer cette ressource :
Bénédicte Pavot. UT2J. (2015, 3 décembre). ‘As Whimsical and Chimearical as their Forms Are’ : Ornamental and Fanciful Motives in English Drawing Books / Bénédicte Miyamoto , in Fancy-Fantaisie-Capriccio: Diversions and Distractions in the Eighteenth Century. [Vidéo]. Canal-U. (Consultée le 28 février 2024)

‘As Whimsical and Chimearical as their Forms Are’ : Ornamental and Fanciful Motives in English Drawing Books / Bénédicte Miyamoto

Réalisation : 3 décembre 2015 - Mise en ligne : 3 décembre 2015
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‘As Whimsical and Chimearical as their Forms Are’ : Ornamental and Fanciful Motives in English Drawing Books / Bénédicte Miyamoto, in colloque international organisé, sous la responsabilité scientifique de Muriel Adrien, Melissa Percival et Axel Hémery, par l’Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès et l’Université d’Exeter. Toulouse, Musée Paul-Dupuy, 3-4 décembre 2015.

In 1715, Jonathan Richardson recommended in his Essay on the Theory of Painting “that all creatures of the Imagination ought to have Airs and Actions given ‘em as Whimsical and Chimaerical as their Forms are,” and his personal collection of drawing dispersed upon his death had many an example of such “Grotesques.” This collection advertised what his writings on art had recommended – that lovers of art should train their connoisseurship by becoming familiar with drawing, and the fruitful comparison between ancient and modern master’s drawings. The production of drawing books and drawing manuals in England was not entirely devoted to the reproduction of European norms – and indeed, the translations of Lomazzo or de Lairesse’s works in England were transformed, purged and English’d sometimes with considerable freedom. Increasingly, such manuals become repositories of patterns and “Whimsical and Chimearical“ forms, distancing themselves from repetitive anatomical sketches to present variations of figures and creatures to be freely associated in amateur composition or in decorative motives. Creativity thus engaged the readers of such manuals to diverge from the norms and rules offered by the translated texts, and to focus instead on the increasingly abounding picture plates, and their seemingly never-ending narrative possibilities. My study will engage with the recurring motives that criss-cross British drawing manuals and fancy pictures. Advertisements for drawing academies and trade cards for drawing masters – which could not display the wealth of examples a full drawing manual could – often chose the chimerical, ornamental or fanciful motives to best advertise their talents. Thus it indicated a certain formalisation of amateur draughtsmanship, of its methods and of its appropriate and most popular subjects – a formalisation that was also reflected in the limited scope of cheap drawing books.


MIYAMOTO, Bénédicte (2014). 'Bidding as a Guide to British Visual Preference: A Late Eighteenth-Century Case Study’, in Neil De Marchi, Sophie Raux (eds.), Moving Pictures: Intra-European Trade in Images, 16th-18th Centuries, Turnhout (Belgium), Brepols Publishers, 326 p.

MIYAMOTO, Bénédicte (2012). ’Making pictures marketable’: expertise and the Georgian art market, in Charlotte Gould, Sophie Mesplede, Marketing Art in the British Isles, 1700 to the Present, Farnham, Ashgate Publishing, 119-135.

ROBERTS, James (1800). Introductory lessons, with familiar examples in landscape, for the use of those who are desirous of gaining some knowledge of the pleasing art of painting in water colours. London, W. Bulmer and Co, 65 p. [En ligne :].

LAIRESSE, Gérard de (1746). Les Principes du Dessein, ou Méthode courte et facile pour apprendre cet art, Amsterdam, Arkstée et Merkus, 275 p. [En ligne :].

RICHARDSON, Jonathan (1725). An essay on the theory of painting. London, A. Bettesworth, 279 p. [En ligne :].

RIPA, Caesar (1709). Iconologia or Moral Emblems, wherein are express'd, various images of virtues, vices... London, printed by Benj. Motte, 190 p. (rééd. Nabu Press, 2014). [En ligne :].

> Voir aussi la bibliographie à télécharger dans l'onglet "Documents".

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