- Date de réalisation : 22 Mai 2008
- Durée du programme : 60 min
- Classification Dewey : Philosophie et psychologie, Interaction sociale, communication, Science politique
- Auteur(s) : Elster Jon
- producteur : COLLEGE DE FRANCE , C.E.R.I.M.E.S.
- Réalisateur(s) : LECAUDEY Marcel, QUENTIN Loïc
Dans la même collectionCollective Wisdom : Definition and Examples The Wisdom of Crowds Reconsidered What does Collective Wisdom have to do with Wisdom ? Collaborative Filtering: The Wisdom of the Internet The Optimal Rule of Decision-making for Areopagus: Public Voting or Apparent Consens? Group Deliberation and the Revision of Individual Judgments: A Social-Choice-Theoretic Perspective
The Optimal Design of a Constitution-making Process
La sagesse collective : principes et mécanismes
Colloque des 22-23 mai 2008, organisé par l'Institut du Monde Contemporain du Collège de France, sous la direction du Professeur Jon Elster.
Intervention de Jon Elster.
There are two normative questions one might ask about constitutions: What is a good constitution? What is a good constitution-making process? In the paper I mainly focus on the second issue, but also discuss the relation between the two. Important desiderata of a constituent assembly include having a number of delegates that is both large enough to prevent bargaining and small enough to allow for a genuine exchange of views; a mode of election of delegates that will generate sufficient diversity both of preferences and of information; a focus on issues on which interest has a minimal purchase; and an organization of the proceedings that minimizes the scope of passion. I also argue that the process ought to hourglass-shaped, with wide public deliberation before the assembly meets and deliberation followed by a referendum after it has produced its proposal.