- Date de réalisation : 8 Mars 2021
- Durée du programme : 12 min
- Classification Dewey : Femmes – Rôle social et statut social, Archéologie de la préhistoire
- Auteur(s) : MARY Laura
- producteur : Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail
- Réalisateur(s) : MICHAUD Nathalie
- Editeur : SCPAM / Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail
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Gender Trouble: towards a deconstruction of binarity in archaeology / Laura Mary
Gender Trouble: towards a deconstruction of binarity in archaeology / Laura Mary, in colloque "1st Virtual Conference for Women Archaeologists and Paleontologists. Nouveaux apports à l’étude des populations et environnements passés" organisé par le laboratoire Travaux et Recherches Archéologiques sur les Cultures, les Espaces et les Sociétés (TRACES) de l’Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès et le laboratoire Paléontologie Évolution Paléoécosystèmes (PALEVOPRIM) de l'Université de Poitiers, sous la responsabilité scientifique de Julie Bachellerie, Ana Belén Galán López (Traces), Émilie Berlioz et Margot Louail (Palevoprim). Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès, 8-9 mars 2021. [Conférence enregistrée à distance].
Session 3 : Occupation of territories and population mobility.
Gender archaeology, which has been in constant development for more than half a century, aims both to criticize biological determinism (gender is a social construction correlated but not dependent on sex) and to analyze power relations between sexes. It also maintains that archaeologists, consciously or not, impose their own points of view and their biases in their interpretations of archaeological data. If gender archeology has made a place for itself in post-processual archeology, some feminist and queer approaches have more recently started to be integrated into research by taking into account non-binary genders, gender fluidity and transidentities in archaeological contexts, particularly through research conducted at sites in North America where many societies are non-binary. In this communication, we will briefly present the approach developed by these researchers before considering how to apply these methods to the study of well-known funeral contexts in societies where there is a priori a strict binarity of genders and for which a doubt related to the gender of the buried individual may have arisen. The first case will consider the case of the tomb of actor Makareus, dated to the 4th cent. BC and discovered in the Kerameikos necropolis in Athens. The second will focus on two tombs discovered in the Merovingian necropolis of Bossut-Gottechain (Belgium).