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Nathalie MICHAUD (Réalisation), Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail (Production), SCPAM / Université Toulouse-Jean Jaurès-campus Mirail (Publication), Aliénor Lepetit (Intervention)
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DOI : 10.60527/m7nm-sv64
Citer cette ressource :
Aliénor Lepetit. UT2J. (2021, 8 mars). Cranial vault healing in modern humans: input of archaeological and clinical data / Aliénor Lepetit , in 1st Conference for Women Archaeologists and Paleontologists. [Vidéo]. Canal-U. https://doi.org/10.60527/m7nm-sv64. (Consultée le 29 mai 2024)

Cranial vault healing in modern humans: input of archaeological and clinical data / Aliénor Lepetit

Réalisation : 8 mars 2021 - Mise en ligne : 8 mars 2021
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Descriptif

Cranial  vault  healing  in  modern  humans:  input  of  archaeological  and clinical data / Aliénor Lepetit, in colloque "1st Virtual Conference for Women Archaeologists and Paleontologists. Nouveaux apports à l’étude des populations et environnements passés" organisé par le laboratoire Travaux et Recherches Archéologiques sur les Cultures, les Espaces et les Sociétés (TRACES) de l’Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès et le laboratoire Paléontologie Évolution Paléoécosystèmes (PALEVOPRIM) de l'Université de Poitiers, sous la responsabilité scientifique de Julie Bachellerie, Ana Belén Galán López (Traces), Émilie Berlioz et Margot Louail (Palevoprim). Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès, 8-9 mars 2021. Session 1 : Morphological variability, taxonomy and adaptations.

Trepanation has been studied in archaeological populations since the XIXe century.Healed cases have been recognized in Neolithic populations, attesting to their great skills. It thus became a major interest in anthropological studies, causing the appearance of many hypotheses without scientific foundation and its exit from the paleopathological field. Furthermore, little attention was paid to the positive identification of the trepanation. Indeed, differential diagnosis is not always applied. One of the major issues is that the healing processes of the skull are not known. Thus, it is difficult to recognize a healed trepanation, when the cut marks have disappeared. By studying CT-scans of medical trepanations, we wanted to determine the modality of those healing processes, as well as their timeline. This will allow identifying this surgical operation with certainty within prehistoric populations, but also to estimate the survival time of individuals. Finally, we will be able to revise published cases of healed trepanations, especially those from the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle's collection.

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