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La construction des territoires montagnards : exploitation des ressources et mobilité des pratiques. Présentation du Workshop / Didier Galop


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La construction des territoires montagnards : exploitation des ressources et mobilité des pratiques. Présentation du Workshop / Didier Galop

La construction des territoires montagnards : exploitation des ressources et mobilité des pratiques. Présentation du Workshop. GALOP, Didier (Laboratoire GEODE, Université Toulouse 2-Le Mirail). Deuxième International Workshop on archaeology of european mountain landscape, organisé par les laboratoires GEODE, FRAMESPA, GEOLAB (Clermont-Ferrand) et Chrono-Environnement (univ. de Franche Comté).

This workshop is in keeping with a series of thematic colloquiums having the ambition to convene the principal european and international teams that work at mountain territories archaeology and history in Europe. The first workshop took place at the ICAC (Catalonian Institute of Classic Archeology) in Tarragona, the 4th to 6th June 2008. The second one will take place at the Maison de la Recherche of Toulouse University the 8th to 11th October 2009. It will be organized by a group of French university and CNRS laboratories working on similar thematics, with invarious and complementary social-environmental mountain contexts. The workshop will last four days : two days dedicated to oral communications and discussions, followed by two days of field trips and presentation of two interdisciplinary projects of pyrenean research (Ossau valley and Iraty massif). The main theme of this workshop is centered on questions related to resource exploitation by mountain societies and to practice mobility at the origin of long term mountain territory construction. The teams and researchers brought together at this workshop will aim to understand the peopling and the management of different mountain spaces during the millenaries and to restitute the construction dynamics of territories and landscapes as entities that are at the same time environmental, socioeconomic and cultural. The occupation and the exploitation of mountain environments, both during conquest and maximum demographic phases, or on the contrary, during desertification phases, differ in geographical caracteristics of the mountain ranges, but also according to caracteristics forms of each social system (peopling system, standards and strategies for resource appropriation and exploitation, structuration of exchange patterns for their products). The triptych mountain-plains-piedmont forms the privileged observation frame, but the current inquieries on general mountain massifs show that the intensity and the nature of the links between these three spaces may vary considerably. The resource structuring along this transect and the modes of exploitation that have been developed (agro-pastoralism, charcoal and mining activities, etc.) constitute the first marker of these variations. In all documented cases of figure, dynamic models of society movements are executed, at different patial and temporal levels. So it’s through the prism of practice mobility that the workshop proposes to work on these topics, with the object to update the historical processes that have conducted to a plurimillenial contruction of mountain territories.

 

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