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“Beneficial JI” - Short talk 2.3: Rachel-Shlmoit Brezis - Testing the limits – and potential of joint improvisation: Motor skills, social skills and interpersonal synchronization in adults with autism spectrum disorders


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“Beneficial JI” - Short talk 2.3: Rachel-Shlmoit Brezis - Testing the limits – and potential of joint improvisation: Motor skills, social skills and interpersonal synchronization in adults with autism spectrum disorders

Research on joint improvisation has shown that expert improvisers, as well as neurotypical individuals, canjointly create novel complex motion, synchronized to less than 180ms (Noy et al., 2011; Hart et al., 2014;Golland et al., 2015; FeiningerSchaalet al., in review). Presumably, this ability relies on these individuals’motor skills and social skills – yet little is known about the preconditions and correlates of successful jointimprovisation. Here, we employ the Mirror Game paradigm (Noy et al., 2011) with a population of adults withAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD is defined by a deficit in social and communication skills and atendency for routinized behaviors yet recent research has been pointing to a possibly more primary difficultywith sensorymotorsynchronization in ASD (Gowen & Hamilton, 2013), which may in turn impedeindividuals’ ability to synchronize with others, leading to reduced social and communicative skills (Marsh etal. 2013; de Jaegher, 2013). 40 individuals with autism, and 40 agegenderandIQmatchedTypicallyDeveloping (TD) control participants played the Mirror Game against the same expert improviser. The studyaims to determine: (a) whether individuals with ASD have a reduced capacity for sensorymotorsynchronization compared to TD participants; and (b) whether the ability of both TD and ASD participants tosynchronize their motions with another player is related to basic motor skills (i.e., motor coordination,proprioception and imitation) on the one hand, and participants’ everyday social skills (conversationalrapport, empathy and autism symptom severity) on the other.

 

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